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Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM Last Updated: Nov 18, 2006 - 1:55:25 PM

Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Researchers reveal mechanisms behind Thiazolidinediones in type 2 diabetes
Thiazolidinediones (TZD's) are drugs commonly prescribed to patients with type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes. Current U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved agents are known as Actos (pioglitazone) and Avandia (rosiglitazone). These oral agents improve blood glucose levels in people with diabetes by improving insulin action in the body. While it is known that these drugs work primarily by binding to a receptor in the nucleus of cells called Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor-gamma (PPARg), all of the molecular signaling events important for the drugs to work are not completely understood.
Mar 11, 2006 - 12:51:00 AM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
High-fat diet supresses GnT-4a activity to cause type 2 diabetes
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have discovered a molecular link between a high-fat, Western-style diet, and the onset of type 2 diabetes. In studies in mice, the scientists showed that a high-fat diet disrupts insulin production, resulting in the classic signs of type 2 diabetes. In an article published in the December 29, 2005, issue of the journal Cell, the researchers report that knocking out a single gene encoding the enzyme GnT-4a glycosyltransferase (GnT-4a ) disrupts insulin production. Importantly, the scientists showed that a high-fat diet suppresses the activity of GnT-4a and leads to type 2 diabetes due to failure of the pancreatic beta cells.
Dec 30, 2005 - 3:41:00 PM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Low blood glucose levels may complicate gastric bypass surgery
Physicians monitoring patients who have undergone gastric bypass surgery should be on the alert for a new, potentially dangerous hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) complication that, while rare, may require quick treatment, according to a new study by collaborating researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and published in the October issue of the journal Diabetologia. The paper follows on the heels of a Mayo Clinic report on six similar case studies published in July in the New England Journal of Medicine. About 160,000 people undergo gastric bypass surgery every year.
Oct 25, 2005 - 1:56:00 PM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Muraglitazar found to increase adverse cardiovascular events
A new medication under review by the Food and Drug Administration that may regulate blood glucose levels and have a beneficial effect on blood cholesterol and lipid levels for patients with Type 2 diabetes appears to increase the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and death, according to a new study in JAMA. The study and an accompanying editorial were released early online at www.JAMA.com because of their timeliness and potential importance for public health.
Oct 25, 2005 - 5:05:00 AM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Insulin's role in blocking release of energy
Chronically high levels of insulin, as is found in many people with obesity and Type II diabetes, may block specific hormones that trigger energy release into the body, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.
Sep 22, 2005 - 4:51:00 AM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
TORC2 - Key regulator of blood glucose levels discovered
In many patients with type 2 diabetes, the liver acts like a sugar factory on overtime, churning out glucose throughout the day, even when blood sugar levels are high. Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies discovered a key cellular switch that controls glucose production in liver cells.
Sep 10, 2005 - 11:14:00 PM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Panel Recommends Muraglitazar for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes
Bristol-Myers Squibb and Merck & Co., Inc. jointly announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committee voted to recommend approval of PARGLUVA(TM) (muraglitazar), the companies' investigational oral medicine for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, for use as monotherapy and in combination with metformin. The committee voted not to recommend its use in combination with a sulfonylurea.
Sep 10, 2005 - 10:27:00 PM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Persons at risk for type 2 diabetes have lower rate of cellular energy production
The rate of insulin-stimulated energy production is significantly reduced in the muscles of lean, healthy young adults who have already developed insulin resistance and are at increased risk of developing diabetes later in life, according to a Yale School of Medicine study.
Sep 5, 2005 - 1:41:00 PM

[ Visit Website ] Latest Research : Endocrinology : Diabetes : NIDDM
Sirt1 protein enhances the secretion of Insulin
Opening the possibility of new therapies for type 2 diabetes, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a protein called Sirt1 enhances the secretion of insulin in mice and allows them to better control blood glucose levels. Their study will appear in the August 17 issue of Cell Metabolism.
Aug 18, 2005 - 2:23:00 AM

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Chief Medical Editor: Dr Sanjukta Acharya; Managing Editor & Founder: Dr Himanshu Tyagi; Editors: Dr Rashmi Yadav, Dr Ankush Vidyarthi; Chief Correspondent: Dr Priya Saxena
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