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Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
  Last Updated: Dec 23, 2011 - 1:10:09 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Self-affirmation may break down resistance to medical screening
People resist medical screening, or don't call back for the results, because they don't want to know they're sick or at risk for a disease. But many illnesses, such as HIV/AIDS and cancer, have a far a better prognosis if they're caught early. How can health care providers break down that resistance?
Dec 22, 2011 - 11:00:00 PM

Latest Research
Faster progress through puberty linked to behavior problems
Children who go through puberty at a faster rate are more likely to act out and to suffer from anxiety and depression, according to a study by researchers at Penn State, Duke University and the University of California, Davis. The results suggest that primary care providers, teachers and parents should look not only at the timing of puberty in relation to kids' behaviour problems, but also at the tempo of puberty -- how fast or slow kids go through puberty.
Sep 1, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Experience vital for complex decision-making
Experience is vital when we have to make complex decisions based on uncertain or confusing information, a new study has found.

May 20, 2009 - 11:31:46 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Decreased Dopamine processing ability - cause for high risk behaviour?
Research reveals that novelty seekers have less of a particular type of dopamine receptor, which may lead them to seek out novel and exciting experiences--such as spending lavishly, taking risks and partying like there's no tomorrow.

Dec 31, 2008 - 8:31:47 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Stimulating scalp with weak current improves dexterity
Washington, Nov 3 - Stimulating the scalp with weak current and underlying motor regions of the brain could make you more skilled at delicate tasks.

Nov 3, 2008 - 2:57:44 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Psychiatrist warns about impact of social networking sites
A generation of Internet users who have never known a world where you can't surf on-line may be growing up with a different and potentially dangerous view of the world and their own identity, according to a warning delivered to the Annual Meeting of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Jul 12, 2008 - 4:44:39 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Study shows how context dictates what we believe we see
Scientists at UCL (University College London) have found the link between what we expect to see, and what our brain tells us we actually saw. The study reveals that the context surrounding what we see is all important – sometimes overriding the evidence gathered by our eyes and even causing us to imagine things which aren’t really there.
Feb 22, 2008 - 7:21:30 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Loneliness could be bad for health
New York, Aug 19 - Loneliness could be bad for your health, psychologists in the US have warned.
Aug 19, 2007 - 2:38:28 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Do I know you? QBI researchers identify woman's struggle to recognize new faces
The woman's condition, known as prosopamnesia, is extremely rare and has only been found in a handful of people around the world, according to University of Queensland cognitive neuroscientist Professor Jason Mattingley.
Jul 23, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
STAMP system can help medical professionals to predict violence
A researcher who spent nearly 300 hours observing patients in an accident and emergency department has developed a method for identifying possible flashpoints, according to the latest Journal of Advanced Nursing.
Jun 20, 2007 - 9:00:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
New Insights Into the Nature of Pride as a Social Function
Pride has perplexed philosophers and theologians for centuries, and it is an especially paradoxical emotion in American culture. We applaud rugged individualism, self-reliance and personal excellence, but too much pride can easily tip the balance toward vanity, haughtiness and self-love. Scientists have also been perplexed by this complex emotion, because it is so unlike primary emotions like fear and disgust.
Jun 18, 2007 - 4:00:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Girls Select Partners Who Resemble Their Dads - Research
Women who enjoy good childhood relationships with their fathers are more likely to select partners who resemble their dads research suggests. In contrast, the team of psychologists from Durham University and two Polish institutions revealed that women who have negative or less positive relationships were not attracted to men who looked like their male parents.
Jun 14, 2007 - 5:00:00 PM

Latest Research
The benefits of social contact
Have you ever wondered why people surrounded by friends or family appear happier and healthier? University of Virginia psychologist James Coan will set out to answer this question when he addresses the Association for Psychological Science's annual convention in Washington, DC, May 24th-27th.
May 21, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Mapping attention, memory and language links in human brain
A University of Arizona scientist who has specialized in studying how fireflies and other creatures communicate has won a million-dollar grant to conduct a pioneering 5-year study on the roles that attention and memory play when the human brain hears and processes spoken language.
May 20, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Gender and Income Does Determine Cognitive Function
There are limited gender differences in cognitive function than previously thought. Income does affect cognitive performance but less than expected when only healthy children are considered. And while basic cognitive skills steadily improve in middle childhood, they then seem to level off questioning the idea of a burst of brain development in adolescence.
May 18, 2007 - 4:01:09 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Sex Differences are also Reflected in Brain
When male primates tussle and females develop their social skills it leaves a permanent mark – on their brains. According to research published in the online open access journal BMC Biology, brain structures have developed due to different pressures on males and females to keep up with social or competitive demands.
May 11, 2007 - 4:18:02 AM

Abstinence Education Does Not Impact Sexual Behavior
A recent study of four abstinence education programs, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., finds that the programs had no effect on the sexual abstinence of youth. But it also finds that youth in these programs were no more likely to have unprotected sex, a concern that has been raised by some critics of these programs.
Apr 14, 2007 - 8:28:09 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
School bullying affects majority of elementary students
Nine out of 10 elementary students have been bullied by their peers, according to a simple questionnaire developed by researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and the Stanford University School of Medicine. What's more, nearly six in 10 children surveyed in the preliminary study reported participating in some type of bullying themselves in the past year.

Apr 12, 2007 - 1:59:57 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Virtual racing seems to lead to aggressive driving
Psychologists have taken the “media priming” effects of popular video console and PC-based games on the road, finding that virtual racing seems to lead to aggressive driving and a propensity for risk taking. Extending prior findings on how aggressive virtual-shooter games increase aggression-related thoughts, feelings and behaviors, researchers at Munich's Ludwig-Maximilians University and the Allianz Center for Technology found that of 198 men and women, those who play more virtual car-racing games were more likely to report that they drive aggressively and get in accidents. Less frequent virtual racing was associated with more cautious driving.
Mar 27, 2007 - 8:18:26 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Emotional responses usually take over rational responses in decision making
The human brain is set up to simultaneously process two kinds of information: the emotional and the empirical. But in most people, emotional responses are much stronger than the rational response and usually take over, according to Michigan State University environmental science and policy researcher Joseph Arvai.
Feb 16, 2007 - 8:26:52 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Cell phone tunes could reflect one's personality
New Delhi, Dec 10 - Hello tunes - the myriad melodies you hear when you call someone on the mobile phone - could reflect the user's personality and also affect the mood of the listener, say psychologists.
Dec 10, 2006 - 2:17:59 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Touch tracking bypasses mind control
For people unable to simultaneously rub their stomach while patting their head, a new twist may be at hand. Touch, rather than concentration, could let people multi-task with their hands, and this may also potentially help improve the performance of people with coordination problems, according to psychologists.
Nov 21, 2006 - 10:32:13 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Making the connection between a sound and a reward changes behavioral response
If you’ve ever wondered how you recognize your mother’s voice without seeing her face or how you discern your cell phone’s ring in a crowded room, researchers may have another piece of the answer.
Oct 20, 2006 - 11:34:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Irrational decisions driven by emotions
Irrational behaviour arises as a consequence of emotional reactions evoked when faced with difficult decisions, according to new research at UCL (University College London), funded by the Wellcome Trust. The UCL study suggests that rational behaviour may stem from an ability to override automatic emotional responses, rather than an absence of emotion per se.
Aug 4, 2006 - 8:16:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Mice learn set shifting tasks to help treat human psychiatric disorders
Mice that couldn't be dissuaded from the object of their attention by a piece of sweet, crunchy cereal may help researchers find new treatments and cures for human disorders like autism and Parkinson's disease. For the first time, a psychiatric test for monitoring many human mental abnormalities has been adapted for use in mice, according to researchers at Purdue University, University of California-Davis and Justus-Liebig University in Giessen, Germany. The test involves the ability to switch attention from one task to another, a skill often impaired in people with autism and similar illnesses.
Aug 2, 2006 - 11:48:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
How behaviors can be changed or created
UC Riverside researchers have made a major leap forward in understanding how the brain programs innate behavior. The discovery could have future applications in engineering new behaviors in animals and intelligent robots. Innate or "instinctive" behaviors are inborn and do not require learning or prior experience to be performed. Examples include courtship and sexual behaviors, escape and defensive maneuvers, and aggression. Using the common fruit fly as a model organism, the researchers found through laboratory experiments that the innate behavior is initiated by a "command" hormone that orchestrates activities in discrete groups of peptide neurons in the brain. Peptide neurons are brain cells that release small proteins to communicate with other brain cells and the body.
Jul 30, 2006 - 3:06:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
People more likely to help others they think are 'like them'
Feelings of empathy lead to actions of helping – but only between members of the same group – according to a recent study. The research, led by Stefan Stürmer of the University of Kiel, is presented in the article "Empathy-Motivated Helping: The Moderating Role of Group Membership." The article discusses two different studies, one using a real-world, intercultural scenario and the other using a mixture of people with no obvious differences besides gender. Researchers concluded that, while all the people felt empathy for someone in distress, they only tended to assist if the needy person was viewed as a member of their own "in-group."
Jul 10, 2006 - 7:48:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Avoiding Punishment Is Its Own Reward
For my now-departed, wonderful old cat named Bear, life didn't get any better than raw shrimp. Seeing the little white package emerge from the fridge always caught his attention, but what set him into high-shriek mode was the sound of shrimp being peeled under running water—he knew culinary bliss was at hand. Bear's behavior was perfectly in keeping with the theory of reinforcement learning: through instrumental conditioning, animals learn to choose responses associated with producing favorable outcomes and avoiding unpleasant ones—typically by learning to associate two normally unrelated stimuli. The shrimp reward reinforced associations between stimulus (the sound of peeling and washing, rather than the sight of shrimp) and response (expectant wailing).
Jul 5, 2006 - 2:50:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Does psychological treatment for adult sex offenders work?
Psychological treatment for adult sex offenders can reduce reoffending rates but does not provide a cure, say experts in an editorial in this week's BMJ. Sexual offending is a public health issue and a social problem. Psychological treatment is widely used and is often mandated in the sentencing decision for sexual offenders. But just how effective are psychological treatment programmes? Are they too readily accepted uncritically? Specialists in psychology and criminology review the evidence from published studies. In an analysis of randomised controlled trials on behavioural treatments, they found that most studies were too small to be informative, although statistically significant improvements were recorded across some groups of offenders.
Jul 1, 2006 - 5:43:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
How people behave differently when they are being watched
A team from Newcastle University found people put nearly three times as much money into an 'honesty box' when they were being watched by a pair of eyes on a poster, compared with a poster that featured an image of flowers.
Jun 29, 2006 - 4:39:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Broca's area also organizes behavioral hierarchies
Researchers have discovered that Broca's area in the brain--best known as the region that evolved to manage speech production--is a major "executive" center in the brain for organizing hierarchies of behaviors. Such planning ability, from cooking a meal to organizing a space mission, is considered one of the hallmarks of human intelligence. The researchers found that Broca's area--which lies on the left side of the brain about in the temple region--and its counterpart on the right side activate when people are asked to organize plans of action. They said their finding of the general executive function of Broca's area could explain its key role in language production. Importantly, the researchers found that this executive function of these cortical regions was distinct from the organization of temporal sequences of actions.
Jun 15, 2006 - 12:03:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Erotic images elicit strong response from brain
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis measured brainwave activity of 264 women as they viewed a series of 55 color slides that contained various scenes from water skiers to snarling dogs to partially-clad couples in sensual poses.
Jun 15, 2006 - 11:36:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Men infer sexual interest before women do
In the latest issue of Psychology of Women Quarterly, researchers find that men rate themselves and the women they just interacted with higher on sexual traits, such as flirtatiousness, than women rate men. The authors find that after a five-minute conversation with a stranger of the opposite gender, men were more likely to interpret ambiguous or friendly behavior as indicating sexual interest. "The findings suggest that men generally think in more sexual terms than women," the authors explain.
Jun 9, 2006 - 1:53:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
What do football and alcohol have to do with being a man?
Men across the world will be getting the pints in and staring at the big screen this month as the World Cup kicks off in Germany. But what do football and alcohol have to do with being a man? A recent psychological study by the University of Sussex reveals that the roaring crowds may be drinking their way through the game in an effort to compensate for not being man enough to play in it.
Jun 5, 2006 - 5:01:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Prosopagnosia may affect 2 percent of population
Researchers at Harvard University and University College London have developed diagnostic tests for prosopagnosia, a socially disabling inability to recognize or distinguish faces. They've already used the new test and a related web site ( to identify hundreds of "face-blind" individuals, far more than scientists had identified previously.
Jun 1, 2006 - 12:47:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Nerve cells in brain decide between apples and oranges
When you are in the supermarket pondering over whether to buy apples or oranges a special group of nerve cells in the brain is at work categorising the fruit according to their value, a study conducted at the Harvard Medical School in Boston showed.
May 11, 2006 - 1:37:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
How Visual Stimulation Turns Up Bdnf Genes to Shape the Brain
Scientists have long known that brains need neural activity to mature and that sensory input is most important during a specific window of time called the "critical period" when the brain is primed for aggressive learning. Vision, hearing and touch all develop during such critical periods, while other senses, such as the olfactory system, maintain lifelong plasticity.
May 7, 2006 - 3:37:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Humans perceive more than they think they do
Faces tell the stories in UC Riverside Professor Larry Rosenblum's ecological listening lab, as volunteer test subjects show that they can "read" unheard speech -- not just from lips, but from the simple movements of dots placed on lips, teeth and tongue. They can also recognize people's voices just from seeing their faces, and vice versa, and seem to be able to distinguish among a variety of rooms on campus just from their echoes.
Apr 15, 2006 - 6:22:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Specific Mechanisms May Not Exist For Facial Recognition
Although the human brain is skilled at facial recognition and discrimination, new research from Georgetown University Medical Center suggests that the brain may not have developed a specific ability for “understanding faces” but instead uses the same kind of pattern recognition techniques to distinguish between people as it uses to search for differences between other groups of objects, such as plants, animals and cars.
Apr 7, 2006 - 3:59:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Scent of fear impacts cognitive performance
The chemical warning signals produced by fear improve cognitive performance, according to a study at Rice University in Houston.
Apr 3, 2006 - 6:50:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Older people with stronger cognitive skills walk at a safer pace
Psychologists wanting to help old people safely cross the street and otherwise ambulate around this busy world have found that from age 70 and up, safe walking may require solid "executive control" (which includes attention) and memory skills. For the old, slow gait is a significant risk factor for falls, many of which result in disabling fractures, loss of independence or even death. The finding may help explain why cognitive problems in old age, including dementia, are associated with falls. Cognitive tests could help doctors assess risk for falls; conversely, slow gait could alert them to check for cognitive impairment. The findings are in the March issue of Neuropsychology, which is published by the American Psychological Association (APA).
Mar 27, 2006 - 4:39:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Switch for brain's pleasure pathway found
Amid reports that a drug used to treat Parkinson's disease has caused some patients to become addicted to gambling and sex, University of Pittsburgh researchers have published a study that sheds light on what may have gone wrong.
Mar 23, 2006 - 6:04:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
'Executive' monkeys influenced by other executives, not subordinates
When high-ranking monkeys are shown images of other monkeys glancing one way or the other, they more readily follow the gaze of other high-ranking monkeys, Duke University Medical Center neurobiologists have discovered. By contrast, they tend to ignore glance cues from low-status monkeys; while low-status monkeys assiduously follow the gaze of all other monkeys.
Mar 23, 2006 - 5:47:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Manipulating Cell Receptor Alters Animal Behavior
Researchers at the University at Buffalo and the University of Pennsylvania were the first to demonstrate that two intracellular events, both stimulated by the same cell receptor, can provoke different behaviors in mammals.
Mar 22, 2006 - 8:16:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
Morphine addiction and the tendency to explore linked
A team of researchers from the UAB has found experimental evidence in rats showing a link between addiction to morphine and the tendency to explore perseveringly. This is the first time a direct relationship has been found without other psychological characteristics, such as anxiousness, that might affect results. Published in Behavioural Brain Research, the results of this study are useful for planning preventative strategies in the risk population.
Feb 22, 2006 - 1:13:00 AM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Behavioral Science
New study shows how self-prophecies may help
By now, most of us have probably forgotten about our New Year's resolutions. But there's still hope: New research from the March 2006 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research shows that when people predict that they will do a socially good deed (such as recycling), the chances of them actually doing the good deed increases.
Feb 12, 2006 - 6:51:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology
Guilt and fear motivate better than hope
In the first empirical work to examine both stated intentions and actual behavior, researchers argue that this sort of negative message – evoking both fear and guilt – is a far more effective deterrent to potentially harmful behavior than positive hopeful or feel-good messages.
Feb 12, 2006 - 6:46:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
How the brain makes a whole out of parts
When a human looks at a number, letter or other shape, neurons in various areas of the brain's visual center respond to different components of that shape, almost instantaneously fitting them together like a puzzle to create an image that the individual then "sees" and understands, researchers at The Johns Hopkins University report.
Jan 19, 2006 - 5:57:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
Link in brain between sight and sound perception
Just imagine listening to someone talk and also hearing the buzz of the overhead lights, the hum of your computer and the muffled conversation down the hallway. To focus on the person speaking to you, your brain clearly can't give equal weight to all incoming sensory information. It has to attend to what is important and ignore the rest.
Jan 19, 2006 - 3:57:00 PM

Latest Research : Psychiatry : Psychology : Cognitive Science
The cognitive cost of being a twin
Social and economic circumstances do not explain why twins have significantly lower IQ in childhood than single-born children, according to a study in this week's BMJ.
Nov 21, 2005 - 8:15:00 PM

<< prev next >>

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NIH renews funding for University of Maryland vaccine research
DHA-enriched formula in infancy linked to positive cognitive outcomes in childhood
New IOM report lays out plan to determine effectiveness of obesity prevention efforts
Vitamin D supplementation may delay precocious puberty in girls
Study: Pedometer program helps motivate participants to sit less, move more
Fish oil may stall effects of junk food on brain
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Inaugural IOF Olof Johnell Science Award presented to Professor Harry Genant
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Crystal methamphetamine use by street youth increases risk of injecting drugs
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Physician job satisfaction driven by quality of patient care
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Human species could have killed Neanderthal man
History, geography also seem to shape our genome

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