XML Feed for RxPG News   Add RxPG News Headlines to My Yahoo!   Javascript Syndication for RxPG News

Research Health World General
 
  Home
 
 Latest Research
 Cancer
 Psychiatry
 Genetics
 Surgery
 Aging
 Ophthalmology
 Gynaecology
 Neurosciences
 Pharmacology
 Cardiology
 Obstetrics
 Infectious Diseases
 Respiratory Medicine
 Pathology
 Endocrinology
 Immunology
 Nephrology
 Gastroenterology
 Biotechnology
 Radiology
 Dermatology
 Microbiology
 Haematology
 Dental
 ENT
 Environment
 Embryology
  Stem Cell Research
 Orthopedics
 Metabolism
 Anaethesia
 Paediatrics
 Public Health
 Urology
 Musculoskeletal
 Clinical Trials
 Physiology
 Biochemistry
 Cytology
 Traumatology
 Rheumatology
 
 Medical News
 Health
 Opinion
 Healthcare
 Professionals
 Launch
 Awards & Prizes
 
 Careers
 Medical
 Nursing
 Dental
 
 Special Topics
 Euthanasia
 Ethics
 Evolution
 Odd Medical News
 Feature
 
 World News
 Tsunami
 Epidemics
 Climate
 Business
Search

Last Updated: Aug 19th, 2006 - 22:18:38

Stem Cell Research Channel
subscribe to Stem Cell Research newsletter

Latest Research : Embryology : Stem Cell Research

   DISCUSS   |   EMAIL   |   PRINT
Stem Cell Study for Patients with Heart Attack Damage Seeks to Regenerate Heart Muscle
Apr 22, 2006, 19:16, Reviewed by: Dr. Priya Saxena

“A person who has had a single, severe heart attack may survive but can be left with substantial damage to the heart muscle as a result of the blood supply to the heart muscle being cut off during the heart attack. The damaged muscle inhibits the heart’s overall ability to pump blood, leading to heart failure,”

 
Rush cardiologists are hoping that transplanted stem cells can regenerate damaged heart muscle in those who experience a first heart attack. The study involves an intravenous infusion of adult mesenchymal stem cells from healthy donor bone marrow that might possibly reverse damage to heart tissue.

A unique benefit of the stem cell product is that it is given to patients through a standard IV line. Other therapies require delivery to the site of the disease through catheterization or open surgical procedures, but this one is very simple and easy for the patient.

“A person who has had a single, severe heart attack may survive but can be left with substantial damage to the heart muscle as a result of the blood supply to the heart muscle being cut off during the heart attack. The damaged muscle inhibits the heart’s overall ability to pump blood, leading to heart failure,” said Rush principal investigator cardiologist Dr. Gary Schaer, head of the Rush Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. Rush is the only center in Illinois participating in the trial. There are 15 other sites nationwide participating in the study.

He explained that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are found in the adult bone marrow and have the potential to develop into mature heart cells and new blood vessels. The MSC cells are derived from normal, healthy adult volunteer bone marrow donors and are not derived from a fetus, embryo or animal. Because they are in an early stage of development, it is believed that they do not trigger an immune response when placed in someone else’s body.

Similar to Blood Type O, these MSCs are being used without tissue type matching to a specific patient.

Dr. Schaer says the cells are grown in culture to very high numbers, allowing a single donor's cells to treat thousands of patients. “The cells have the ability to expand, or multiply, under controlled conditions, and the expanded cells have the ability to develop into different types of cells in the appropriate environment. One donation can produce billions of MSCs. The cells can be stored for years in a frozen state, ready to be used when they are needed.”

Adult stem cells are designed by nature to perform tissue repair in a mature adult. It is believed that these cells can be used in patients unrelated to the donor, without rejection, eliminating the need for donor matching and recipient immune suppression. Once transplanted, the cells promote healing of damaged or diseased tissues.

Research has demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells follow inflammatory signals or “home” to sites of injury in the body. Schaer says the stem cells know to go to the heart muscle in a patient who has had a recent heart attack.

When MSCs were injected into animals that have not experienced a heart attack, the cells return to the bone marrow where they were originally located. In animals that had a heart attack induced, the MSCs given intravenously followed the signals to the injured section of the heart and aided in repair. These cells have also been studied for different diseases and have been shown to follow inflammatory signals to various areas of the body to aid in repair. The delivered cells are expected to respond to the body's own signals and migrate to the area of injury.

The Phase I study is double blind; two thirds of the participants receive the stem cells and one-third receive a placebo. To be eligible for the trial, patients must have experienced a first heart attack within the past seven days, and are between 21 and 85 years old. Patients are given a pulmonary breathing test, a CT scan and an MRI before the procedure. Patients undergo an MRI at the end of the study to see how much of the diseased heart muscle has been repaired and measure heart function. A patient may stay in the hospital only 2-3 days for observation, and then go home.
 

- Rush University Medical Center
 

www.rush.edu

 
Subscribe to Stem Cell Research Newsletter
E-mail Address:

 

The total time commitment for the study is two years.

Congestive heart failure is a common outcome in heart attack patients and is the number one cause of disability in the United States.

The study is funded by Osiris Theraputics, Inc.


Related Stem Cell Research News

Neural stem cells derived from human embryonic stem cells carry abnormal gene expression
Neurons grown from embryonic stem cells restore function in paralyzed rats
New stem-cell findings can help the body to cure itself
Putting avian transgenics on a par with transgenic mice
Harvard to Create Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines
Stem Cell Study for Patients with Heart Attack Damage Seeks to Regenerate Heart Muscle
Stem cells - An alternative to skin grafting?
Bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) factor stimulates cartilage growth from stem cells
Doctors grow organ from patients' own cells
Stem cells can repair torn tendons or ligaments


For any corrections of factual information, to contact the editors or to send any medical news or health news press releases, use feedback form

Top of Page

 

© Copyright 2004 onwards by RxPG Medical Solutions Private Limited
Contact Us