||Last Updated: Nov 17th, 2006 - 22:35:04
Cot death could be linked to brain defect
The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or 'cot death' that kills about 300 babies a year in Britain may be linked to a defect in the brain, scientists have said.
Nov 4, 2006, 19:24
Childhood obesity linked with maternal feeding behaviors
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased significantly since the 1980s. Many factors contribute to childhood obesity; however, parents are in a key position to help shape children's eating behaviors and eating environments. A study in the September issue of The Journal of Pediatrics evaluates the role of mothers prompting their child to eat, the child's compliance with those prompts, and the potential contribution of each to the risk of obesity.
Sep 19, 2006, 14:48
Under 16s, should be banned from ATVs
Neurosurgeons at St. Louis Children's Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis are renewing calls for a ban on use of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) by children under age 16 after a 10-year review of injuries caused by the vehicles.
Sep 8, 2006, 17:16
Parents need spiritual support when facing death of their child
A survey of parents indicates that they not only want the best medical care, but also need spiritual care when facing the death of a child. The findings, published in the September issue of Pediatrics, indicate that spiritual/religious support is helpful to many parents in making end-of-life decisions for their child, in finding meaning in their loss, and for emotional sustenance.
Sep 5, 2006, 18:26
Overweight toddlers grow up as obese adolescents
Children who are overweight as toddlers or preschoolers are more likely to be overweight or obese in early adolescence, report researchers in a collaborative study by the NIH and several academic institutions.
Sep 5, 2006, 18:15
So...how would you design your baby?
The well-educated are significantly more open to the idea of "designing" babies than the poorly educated, according to a new study by psychologists at the University of East Anglia.
Sep 5, 2006, 18:07
TV effective 'painkiller' for kids
TV really does act like a painkiller when it comes to kids, reveals a small study published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. The research team assessed 69 children between the ages of 7 and 12, who were randomly divided into three groups to have a blood sample taken.
Aug 17, 2006, 16:12
Twenty-two-year study shows that young kids are now more likely to be overweight
By examining more than 120,000 children under age 6 in Massachusetts over 22 years, a newly published study shows that young children--especially infants--are now more likely to be overweight. This study was based at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention of Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and appears in the July issue of Obesity.
Aug 10, 2006, 15:10
Longer needles best for infant immunization
Infants vaccinated with a long needle experience fewer reactions but get the same protection (immunogenicity) as a shorter needle, finds a study published on bmj.com today.
Aug 4, 2006, 19:26
Effects of psychosocial stimulation on psychosocial functioning
Psychosocial stimulation in early childhood has long term benefits for stunted children’s emotional outcomes and attention, finds a sixteen-year study published on bmj.com today.
Jul 30, 2006, 03:00
Breastfeeding Linked to Reduced Bed-wetting
Babies who are breastfed for longer than three months are less likely to exhibit bed-wetting during childhood, according to a new study by researchers at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital’s children’s hospital and UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School.
Jul 10, 2006, 07:18
Meconium may provide clues to fetal alcohol exposure
Fetal alcohol exposure is usually determined through self-reported maternal consumption. Self-reported drinking, however, is often an unreliable measure. Researchers have found that the presence of certain fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium may provide a dependable biomarker of fetal alcohol exposure.
Jun 27, 2006, 02:21
Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping Boosts Iron in Infants
Just a two-minute delay in clamping a baby's umbilical cord can boost the child's iron reserves and prevent anemia for months, report nutritionists at the University of California, Davis. Iron deficiency is a concern for both wealthy and poor nations. It is a problem particularly in developing countries, where half of all children become anemic during their first year, putting them at risk of serious developmental problems that may not be reversible, even with iron treatments.
Jun 17, 2006, 20:18
Cardiac genes linked to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Recent discoveries at Mayo Clinic added two more cardiac genes to the list of potential links to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), increasing the possibility that genetic defects of the heart may cause up to 15 percent of SIDS cases. This research will be presented Friday at Heart Rhythm 2006, the 27th Annual Scientific Sessions of the Heart Rhythm Society in Boston.
May 19, 2006, 19:30
Researchers identify agents that may make vaccines effective at birth
Newborn babies have immature immune systems, making them highly vulnerable to severe infections and unable to mount an effective immune response to most vaccines, thereby frustrating efforts to protect them. Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston now believe they have found a way to enhance the immune system at birth and boost newborns' vaccine responses.
Apr 25, 2006, 21:11
In utero exposure to urban air pollutants can affect child development
Prenatal exposure to air pollutants in New York City can adversely affect child development, according to the results of a study released today by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Previous studies have shown that the same air pollutants can reduce fetal growth (both weight and head circumference at birth), but this study, which examined a group of the same children at three years of age, is the first to reveal that those pollutants can also affect cognitive development during childhood.
Apr 25, 2006, 21:08
First FDA Clearance of Sterile Field Cord Blood Collection Bag
ViaCell, Inc. (NASDAQ: VIAC) and Pall Corporation (NYSE: PLL) announced today the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration clearance of a cord blood collection bag suitable for use in a sterile field. Pall and ViaCell collaborated on the development and design of the new collection bag. ViaCell has exclusive rights to the new collection bag for family cord blood banking and expects to introduce it as part of its ViaCord® collection kit. The new sterile field bag will give families and their health care providers the ability to more safely and easily collect umbilical cord blood from newborns, even when born by cesarean section.
Apr 25, 2006, 21:05
Restricting vitamin D intake during pregnancy lowers infant birth weight
Pregnant women who drink a certain quantity of milk every day could have a healthy baby, says a study. Milk is an important source of vitamin D, calcium, riboflavin, protein and energy during pregnancy, but some women are advised to cut down their consumption for various reasons including the prevention of allergies in their children.
Apr 25, 2006, 20:48
Parents 'over treat' children: Study
Some parents give an overdose of medicines to their sick children, says a new study.
Apr 10, 2006, 14:02
Researchers say criterion for diagnosing child abuse not always accurate
When it comes to looking for damage to the eyes to prove child abuse, new research shows that things aren't always as they seem, according to Patrick Lantz, M.D., a forensic pathologist from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.
Feb 26, 2006, 17:25
Brain pacemaker cells appear essential for gasping
A failure to 'gasp' has long been proposed as the basis for sudden infant death syndrome, or cot death. A team at the University of Bristol has discovered a subset of cells in the brain that have the ability to self-generate nervous impulses, which appear essential for gasping. These cells have been termed 'pacemakers'.
Feb 13, 2006, 05:20
Premature-birth children can achieve like normal ones
Children born prematurely with low birth weight have the ability to achieve academic success and defy odds just as those born with normal birth weight, says a study.
Feb 12, 2006, 18:16
Extremely low birth-weight babies transition successfully to adulthood - Study
As young adults, the majority of extremely low birth-weight infants are attaining similar levels of education, employment and independence as normal birth-weight infants, according to a study by researchers at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine at McMaster University in the February 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). This is good news for the infants and their parents, as more than a quarter of low birth weight children have development difficulties such as cerebral palsy, blindness and delayed development, compared to two per cent of normal birth-weight infants. Dr. Saroj Saigal, professor of pediatrics, conducted a study over two years to determine the outcomes at young adulthood of extremely low birth-weight infants, in comparison to a group of normal birth-weight children. The measures of successful transition to adulthood included educational attainment, student and/or working roles, independent living, getting married, and parenthood.
Feb 8, 2006, 11:24
Breastfeeding protects babies from respiratory illness
Breastfeeding could protect babies from respiratory illness, says a study adding to mounting evidence that the longer a mother breastfeeds her infant the greater the health benefits.
Feb 7, 2006, 15:20
Risk of death by SIDS increases in the winter months
During these colder months, parents often place extra blankets or clothes on infants, hoping to provide them with more warmth. In fact, the extra material may actually increase infants’ risk for SIDS.
Jan 18, 2006, 23:42
National statistics for 18 major birth defects released
The study results, published today in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), calculated national estimates for 18 specific major birth defects between 1999 and 2001. Previous estimates had indicated that 3 percent of all births are affected by a birth defect. However, this is the first time national population-based estimates for specific defects, other than neural tube defects, have been calculated.
Jan 6, 2006, 03:46
Premature baby girls have nearly twice the odds of surviving as boys
Black baby girls born weighing 2.2 pounds or less are more than twice as likely to survive as white baby boys born at the same weight, when many preemies are still too tiny to make it on their own, University of Florida researchers have found.
Jan 4, 2006, 15:48
Pacifiers Reduce Sudden Infant Deaths (SIDS)
Use of a dummy seems to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), finds a study published online by the BMJ today. Researchers in California interviewed mothers or carers of 185 infants who died and 312 randomly selected controls matched for race/ethnicity and age. They obtained information on dummy use during the index sleep (defined as the last sleep or the sleep during the night before the interview), on other environmental factors related to sleep, and on risk factors for SIDS. After adjusting for known risk factors, use of a dummy during sleep was associated with a 90% reduced risk of SIDS compared with infants who did not use a dummy.
Dec 9, 2005, 21:27
Body Position Affects Pediatric Sleep Apnea
Children aged three and younger who have a sleeping disorder known as sleep apnea show more respiratory disturbance when they sleep on their backs, according to a study in the November issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Nov 22, 2005, 15:59
New 'eye movement' test to identify children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
A simple test that measures eye movement may help to identify children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and ultimately lead to improved treatment for the condition, say Queen's University researchers. At present there are no objective diagnostic tools that can be used to distinguish between children with FASD – which affects approximately one per cent of children in Canada – and those with other developmental disorders such as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Nov 12, 2005, 19:55