||Last Updated: Nov 17th, 2006 - 22:35:04
Medical induction of labor increases risk of amniotic-fluid embolism
A Canadian population-based cohort study has revealed that medical induction of labour increases the risk of amniotic-fluid embolism. The study was led by Dr. Michael Kramer, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Senior Investigator from McGill University. Amniotic-fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare, but serious and even fatal maternal complication of delivery. While its cause is unknown, it is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in developed countries, accounting for seven of 44 direct maternal deaths in Canada in the period 1997-2000.
Oct 20, 2006, 23:31
Senior obstetrician are less hasty about caesarean sections
Many emergency caesareans could be prevented by the attendance of a more skilled obstetrician, say senior doctors in this week's BMJ.
Sep 22, 2006, 16:59
Carbon monoxide may be beneficial in pre-eclampsia
New findings by Queen's University researchers suggest that administering low doses of carbon monoxide to pregnant women may help prevent the potentially damaging effects to mother and baby of pre-eclampsia.
Sep 6, 2006, 00:44
Prenatal diagnostic tests decrease the risk of miscarriage
Pregnant women who seek prenatal diagnostic testing to identify genetic or chromosomal abnormalities have a lower risk of miscarriage than previously believed, according to a UCSF study.
Sep 1, 2006, 17:02
Miscarriage significantly associated with increasing paternal age
In a study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the New York Psychiatric Institute researchers found that increasing paternal age is significantly associated with increased rates of spontaneous abortion, a pregnancy loss occurring before twenty weeks of gestation. Results indicate that as the male partner ages there is a steady increase in rate of miscarriage. Women with partners aged 35 or older had nearly three times as many miscarriages as compared with women conceiving with men younger than 25 years of age. This finding is independent of the woman's age and not explained by other factors such as diabetes, smoking, or previous spontaneous abortions, and adds to the growing realization of the importance of paternal characteristics for successful reproductive outcome.
Aug 6, 2006, 06:51
Clinical examination not sensitive enough to detect breech babies
The routine examination doctors use to check if a baby is lying in the correct position before birth is not sensitive enough, concludes a study published on bmj.com today. The authors suggest that there is room for improvement by all pregnancy care providers. The position of a baby in the womb in late pregnancy is important because if it is not lying in the normal head-down position (known as cephalic presentation) vaginal delivery may be difficult or impossible. Diagnosis of non-cephalic presentation after the onset of labour is associated with increased complications and death. Fetal presentation is usually assessed by palpating the abdomen, but little is known about the accuracy of this in late pregnancy. So researchers in Australia decided to examine the diagnostic accuracy of this procedure.
Aug 4, 2006, 19:33
Preeclampsia risk reduced by regular multivitamins near time of conception
Women who are considering becoming pregnant may significantly reduce their risk of developing a common life-threatening complication called preeclampsia by taking a multivitamin supplement regularly three months before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy. This finding is being reported in a University of Pittsburgh study available online now through an "advance access" feature of the American Journal of Epidemiology.
Jul 27, 2006, 09:02
Why Listeriosis rates are 20-fold higher during pregnancy
For years, doctors have puzzled over why pregnant women are 20 times more likely than others to be infected by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, now think they have the answer, and it isn't pretty.
Jul 5, 2006, 15:04
Why birth interventions are on the rise
C-sections, amniocentesis, spinal blocks, CVS testing - having a baby might be one of the most natural things in the world, but a University of Western Sydney conference will explore why growing numbers of Australian women want modern medicine to intervene in the 'risky business' of childbirth.
Jun 23, 2006, 14:19
Pregnancy Complications Still High For Women With Diabetes
The risk of death and major birth defects are still high in babies born to women with diabetes, despite an international strategy to raise standards of diabetes care, say researchers in a study published on bmj.com. They also warn that these problems will get worse as the number of young women diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes continues to rise. Researchers analysed deaths shortly after birth (perinatal mortality) and congenital anomalies in babies born to women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who delivered between 1 March 2002 and 28 February 2003 in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Jun 20, 2006, 23:53
Researchers identify protein associated with severe preeclampsia
Building on their earlier discovery which found that elevated levels of the sFlt1 placental protein leads to the onset of preeclampsia, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), in collaboration with a research team from The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, have identified a second protein which, in combination with sFlt1, escalates preeclampsia to a severe and life-threatening state. These new findings, reported in the June 4, 2006 on-line issue of Nature Medicine, provide another critical piece of information about this puzzling disease, which complicates five percent of all pregnancies worldwide and is a major cause of maternal and fetal mortality, particularly in developing nations.
Jun 5, 2006, 17:04
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) cause difficulties during childbirth
The first comprehensive study of the effects of female genital mutilation on women and babies during childbirth has been published by leading medical journal, The Lancet. The study, which provides the first reliable evidence that female genital mutilation can adversely affect birth outcomes, was undertaken by African and international researchers, including Associate Professor Emily Banks from the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health at ANU.
Jun 3, 2006, 08:43
Study Challenges Myth that Sex Late in Pregnancy Hastens Birth
A new study debunks the widely held belief that engaging in sexual intercourse during the final weeks of pregnancy can hasten labor and delivery. In fact, just the opposite was true in 93 women studied at Ohio State University Medical Center. Women who were sexually active in the final three weeks of their pregnancies carried their babies an average of 39.9 weeks, compared to average delivery at 39.3 weeks among women who abstained from sexual activity at term.
Jun 3, 2006, 00:57
Longer labour for obese women
The take home message is that doctors need to tell obese women that electing to have labor induced can place them at higher risk of longer labor and could increase the possibility that they will need a cesarean section.
May 14, 2006, 18:25
Low intake of milk during pregnancy linked to decreased birth weight
A new study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal gives expectant mothers yet another reason to drink their milk. Researchers found that women who rarely drank milk during their pregnancy gave birth to smaller babies compared to women who drank more milk.
Apr 25, 2006, 19:59
Pregnancy gap puts baby at risk
Spacing pregnancies too closely or too far apart can increase the risk of premature birth for the second baby, suggests a study.
Apr 20, 2006, 15:42
High meat intake by pregnant women not advisable
Babies of women who eat high protein, including meat, and low carbohydrate diets during pregnancy may develop stress, says a study.
Apr 3, 2006, 15:22
Antioxidant tempol prevents pre-eclampsia
The antioxidant tempol prevents the onset of pre-eclampsia in pregnant mice, a finding that further implicates oxidative stress in the illness, which is widespread among pregnant women.
Apr 3, 2006, 15:15
High vitamin doses may harm pregnant mother
High doses of vitamin supplements may cause harm to pregnant women and their children, says a study.
Mar 31, 2006, 17:51
Daughters of Indian immigrants continue trend of giving birth to small babies
U.S.-born Asian-Indian women are more likely than their Mexican-American peers to deliver low birth weight infants, despite having fewer risk factors, say researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and Stanford's School of Medicine. The finding confirms previous research that showed a similar pattern in more recent immigrants, and suggests that physicians should consider their patients' ethnic backgrounds when planning their care.
Mar 30, 2006, 14:53
Non-pneumatic anti-shock garment holds promise in preventing deaths due to obstetrical hemorrhage
A simple, low-tech garment has the potential to prevent a major cause of death among women who give birth in many Third World countries, according to a new study by maternal health researchers.
Feb 27, 2006, 17:31
Stress levels could lead to miscarriages
Pregnant women who exhibit signs of stress are three times more likely to face the risk of miscarriage, says a study. Around 31 to 89 percent of all conceptions result in miscarriage, earlier studies indicated. Most studies begin when women notice they are pregnant, about six weeks after conception. Most miscarriages, however, are known to happen during the first three weeks of pregnancy.
Feb 24, 2006, 02:27
Diagnosing preeclampsia with proteomic analysis
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that analyzing proteins in urine is a simple and objective method to diagnose and classify preeclampsia (PE), a complication of pregnancy causing high blood pressure after 20 weeks of gestation.
Feb 4, 2006, 21:29
Nervous fathers can be a 'pain' during childbirth
Anxious men pass on their fears to mothers giving birth by Caesarean section, says a study that suggests that early preparation can help reassure both partners about the procedure.
Jan 26, 2006, 16:35
Stress could cause death of male foetus
Stress during a disaster particularly after natural calamities like earthquakes and severe famine can cause the death of weaker male foetus but those that survive may live longer than the average, says a study.
Jan 25, 2006, 14:14
Normal delivery better for sex life - study
Women who give birth naturally may have better sex life than those who opt for caesarean birth, says a study that warns both prospective mothers and healthcare professionals to think again.
Jan 19, 2006, 15:38
Why, throughout the world, more boys are born?
The longer it takes to get pregnant, the more chance there is of having a boy, finds a study in this week’s BMJ. Dutch researchers analysed data for 5,283 women who gave birth to single babies between July 2001 and July 2003. Among the 498 women who took longer than 12 months to get pregnant, the probability of male offspring was nearly 58%, whereas the proportion of male births among the 4,785 women with shorter times to pregnancy was 51%.
Dec 19, 2005, 15:33
Prepregnancy Weight Increasing, may mean more complications
A growing number of women are overweight or obese when they become pregnant, a condition that is risky to both mother and baby, a new study conducted by researchers at the University at Buffalo has shown. An analysis of the prepregnancy body mass index of more than 79,000 women in eight counties of Western New York who became pregnant between 1999 and 2003 found that the number of women who were overweight when they became pregnant increased by 11 percent and the number who were obese increased by 8 percent over that time period.
Dec 17, 2005, 15:53
Childbirth not linked to urinary incontinence
Postmenopausal women who have given birth vaginally do not appear to suffer from urinary incontinence at higher rates than their sisters who have never given birth, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study published in the December Obstetrics and Gynecology journal.
Dec 2, 2005, 18:59
Down Syndrome now Detectable at 11 Weeks
A new study from Columbia University Medical Center researchers at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia of more than 38,000 pregnant women at 15 U.S. centers demonstrates the high accuracy of non-invasive screening for Down syndrome (also known as trisomy 21) in the first trimester of pregnancy, at 11 weeks. The findings are a significant advantage over the current standard screening, a blood test performed in the second trimester of pregnancy. Published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine (Nov. 10, 2005 issue), the study is known as the FASTER trial (First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk). It was funded by a $13 million grant from the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development – one of the largest ever grants for an obstetrical study.
Nov 10, 2005, 20:02