||Last Updated: Nov 17th, 2006 - 22:35:04
Mental health problems threaten the knowledge economy
In a knowledge economy, people work increasingly with their heads instead of their hands. This makes mental health a crucial component of economic growth. However, the knowledge economy leads to high levels of stress and mental health problems. By damaging its ‘mental capital’ the knowledge economy undermines the basis for its own success. These are some of the conclusions of the report ‘Mental Capital’ by Rifka Weehuizen, researcher at UNU-MERIT - a joint research and training centre of United Nations University, and Maastricht University in the Netherlands.
Nov 4, 2006, 20:54
Raine Study: Breastfeeding boosts mental health
A new study has found that babies that are breastfed for longer than six months have significantly better mental health in childhood. The findings are based on data from the ground-breaking Raine Study at the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, that has tracked the growth and development of more than 2500 West Australian children over the past 16 years. Researcher Dr Wendy Oddy said there was growing evidence that bioactive factors in breast milk played an important role in the rapid early brain development that occurs in the first year of life.
Oct 28, 2006, 05:41
The need for "exercise prescriptions."
For many older adults, a visit to the doctor is not complete without the bestowal of at least one prescription. What if, in addition to prescribing medications as necessary, physicians also prescribed exercise?
Oct 6, 2006, 21:05
Sleep-related breathing disorder can increase risk of depression
Individuals who have sleep-related breathing disorder appear significantly more likely to develop depression, with odds of depression increasing as breathing disorders becomes more severe.
Sep 18, 2006, 18:34
Mandarin oranges decrease liver cancer risk,atherosclerosis
Scientists worldwide are discovering new and unexpected benefits from a wide variety of foods that go beyond their basic nutritional value. These so-called 'functional foods' contain natural or modified compounds that have been shown to help fight some of the most challenging health problems, including cancer and heart disease.
Sep 11, 2006, 16:26
The future of plastic surgery
From new data on psychological and physical benefits, to futurists, economists and plastic surgeons sharing their vision of the future of plastic surgery, the hottest topics, technologies, and advances will be presented at Plastic Surgery 2006. The meeting, held Oct. 6-11 at the Moscone Convention Center in San Francisco, will be attended by more than 6,000 doctors, medical personnel and exhibitors in the field of plastic surgery.
Sep 7, 2006, 00:59
Parents drink, Suffer the Children
According to 'Suffer the Children', a new report published today (Monday 4 September) by the Priory, there are currently over 3.6 million adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) in the UK who bear the emotional, behavioural and cognitive scars that are a direct result of being raised by alcoholic parents.
Sep 5, 2006, 03:14
University of Pittsburgh to host Global Health Conference
An estimated one billion people worldwide lack access to basic health care, and about 11 million children under the age of 5 die each year from malnutrition and preventable diseases. Many effective interventions for alleviating such human suffering are currently available, but their delivery is often hampered by environmental, economic and social barriers, including war, poverty, discrimination, persecution and illiteracy to name just a few.
Sep 1, 2006, 17:43
IOF to launch 'Bone Appétit' campaign on October 20
The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) will launch its biggest campaign to date on World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) 2006, celebrated worldwide on October 20.
Sep 1, 2006, 17:18
Online video games found to promote sociability
Hang in there, parents. There is some hopeful news on the video-gaming front. Researchers have found that some of the large and hugely popular online video games – although condemned by many as time-gobbling, people-isolating monsters – actually have socially redeeming qualities.
Aug 19, 2006, 21:39
Food labels should list trans fats to help reduce coronary heart disease
Food labels should list trans fats as well as cholesterol and saturated fat to help reduce coronary heart disease, say researchers from the University of Oxford in this week’s BMJ. Trans fats (also known as trans fatty acids) are solid fats found in margarines, biscuits, cakes, and fast food. Scientists think that our bodies deal with these fats in the same way as saturated fats. Both saturated fats and trans fats increase the amount of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or ‘bad cholesterol’ in the blood and reduce the amount of high density lipoprotein (HDL) or ‘good cholesterol.’ People with high levels of LDL cholesterol tend to have a higher risk of getting heart disease, while people with high levels of HDL cholesterol tend to have a lower risk.
Jul 30, 2006, 03:03
A mother's attentiveness to baby's distress is important
A mother's attentiveness to her baby's distress, especially in the first year, is more important to his secure attachment than lots of positive feedback when he's happy and content, concludes a University of Illinois study published in the June issue of the Journal of Family Psychology.
Jul 30, 2006, 02:38
High Common Daily Activity Levels Reduce Risk Of Death
Older adults who expend more energy through any daily activity, including non-exercise activity, have a lower rate of death than adults who are less active, according to a study in the July 12 issue of JAMA. Observational studies have shown that older adults who report low physical activity levels are at a higher risk of death compared with those who report moderate or high levels of activity. These findings have been based on questionnaires asking about physical activity levels, which may not be recalled accurately and are unable to account for many types of daily activity, according to background information in the article. Self-reported physical activity does not provide accurate estimates of absolute amounts of activity (kilocalories per day) and thus is less precise in determining whether higher levels of total activity-induced energy expenditure offer survival advantages.
Jul 12, 2006, 18:11
How Group Dynamics Affect Fitness and Eating Habits
Imagine break-room vending machines featuring fruit juice and vegetables instead of cookies and soda pop. Consider colleagues who insist on mid-morning group exercise breaks and applaud a lunchtime workout rather than criticizing the cut of the sweat suit. Ponder an organizational culture that encourages walking the stairs instead of riding the elevator.
Jul 10, 2006, 20:51
DDT in moms harmful to kids, study
Since the 1970s, scientists have known that when DDT accumulates in a woman's tissues it can be transmitted to her developing fetus across the placenta. Now, a new study led by a team of researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, has found that such in utero exposure is associated with developmental delays in the young child.
Jul 10, 2006, 20:24
Ultraviolet radiation from sunbeds increases skin-cancer risk
According to an opinion of the Scientific Committee on Consumer products (SCCP) to the European Commission, the use of ultraviolet-radiation devices, tanning lamps and sunbeds, to achieve and maintain cosmetic tanning, is likely to increase the risk of malignant melanoma of the skin. Therefore, scientists recommend that people with known risk factors, such as skin with high sunburn susceptibility, none or poor tanning ability, the presence of freckles, atypical and/or multiple moles and a family history of melanoma should not use tanning devices for cosmetic purposes. Equally, individuals under 18 should not use tanning devices since the risk of melanoma seems to be particularly high when using them at a young age.
Jul 10, 2006, 07:42
Drug approval processes may have delayed warnings about safety of Paroxetine
Drug approval processes may have delayed warnings about the safety of antidepressants, argues a senior doctor in this week’s BMJ. Following GlaxoSmithKline’s recent letter to doctors pointing to a sixfold increase in the risk of suicidal behaviour in adults taking paroxetine, Professor David Healy examines the regulation of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and asks were mistakes made and could they have been avoided?
Jul 10, 2006, 07:24
EPICURUS: Job satisfaction is the most critical factor for life satisfaction
Job satisfaction is the most critical factor for life satisfaction and well-being, according to new research by a team of economists at the University of Aberdeen. The Europe-wide research project also highlights the dramatic increase of stress-related illnesses in recent years in employees with high-speed jobs and tight deadlines.
Jul 4, 2006, 01:55
A Placebo a Day, Keeps the Doctor Away
People who take their medicine regularly, even dummy (placebo) medicine, have a lower risk of death than those with poor adherence, finds a study in this week's BMJ. This intriguing finding supports the concept of the "healthy adherer" effect, whereby adherence to drug treatment may be a marker for overall healthy behaviour, say the authors.
Jul 1, 2006, 17:20
Work stress could raise blood pressure
Work stress could lead to a rise in blood pressure, particularly if you are a man and lack social support at work, revealed a new study. Chantal Guimont and colleagues at Laval University, Quebec, Canada, studied 6,719 workers over more than seven years and found that job strain, particularly in workers with low social support at work, may contribute to increased blood pressure.
Jul 1, 2006, 14:59
Chocolate, wine, spicy foods may be OK for heartburn
Patients have been known to hug Lauren Gerson, MD, so overjoyed are they at hearing her words. What does she say to them? Go ahead and eat chocolate. Indulge your passion for spicy cuisine. Drink red wine. Enjoy coffee when you want it, have that orange juice with breakfast and, what the heck, eat a grapefruit, too. Gerson says that for most heartburn patients, there's insufficient evidence to support the notion that eating these foods will make heartburn worse - or that cutting them out will make it go away.
Jun 30, 2006, 02:32
Having more income won't make you happier
While most people believe that having more income would make them happier, Princeton University researchers have found that the link is greatly exaggerated and mostly an illusion. People surveyed about their own happiness and that of others with varying incomes tended to overstate the impact of income on well-being, according to a new study. Although income is widely assumed to be a good measure of well-being, the researchers found that its role is less significant than predicted and that people with higher incomes do not necessarily spend more time in more enjoyable ways.
Jun 30, 2006, 02:23
Drinking decaffeinated coffee may lower risk of type 2 diabetes by 33 percent
Researchers at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health have found drinking decaffeinated coffee may lower a person's risk for type 2 diabetes. The study, being published in the June 26, 2006 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, shows postmenopausal women who daily consume more than six cups of coffee, particularly decaffeinated, have a 33 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than women who do not drink coffee. Researchers examined coffee intake and diabetes risk in 28,812 postmenopausal women who did not have type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease as part of the Iowa Women's Health Study (1986-1997). Over the 11-year period, 1,418 women reported being newly diagnosed with the illness.
Jun 27, 2006, 20:28
Vegetables prevent heart disease
Eating vegetables and fruits may reduce cholesterol, prevent build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries and can provide protection against heart disease, according to a study on mice.
Jun 20, 2006, 20:16
Vegetables may reduce hardening of arteries
New research suggests one reason vegetables may be so good for us – a study in mice found that a mixture of five common vegetables reduced hardening of the arteries by 38 percent compared to animals eating a non-vegetable diet. Conducted by Wake Forest University School of Medicine, the research is reported in the current issue of the Journal of Nutrition.
Jun 17, 2006, 20:26
Houseflies Collected in Fast Food Restaurants Found to Carry Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
Houseflies in food-handling and serving facilities carry and may have the capacity to transfer antibiotic-resistant and potentially virulent bacteria say researchers Kansas State University. They report their findings in the June 2006 issue of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
Jun 15, 2006, 18:01
Antimicrobial Properties of Copper May Aid in Food Safety
A new study suggests that the use of cast copper alloys during food processing may help prevent cross-contamination of E. coli better than stainless steel say researchers from the University of Southampton, United Kingdom and Copper Development Association Inc., New York. Their findings appear in the June 2006 issue of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
Jun 15, 2006, 17:58
People happiest with lives when older
People are happier with their lives the older they get, with the greatest level of happiness prior to when they are in their mid-70s, says a study. Researchers at the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System and the University of Michigan studied 540 adults in two groups - the first group between 21 and 40 years age, and the second group over the age of 60.
Jun 15, 2006, 16:34
Drink coffee to reduce liver disease risk
Drinking around four cups of coffee a day could reduce the risk of alcoholic cirrhosis by 80 percent, says a study though scientists warn that reducing alcohol intake was the only way to avoid liver damage.
Jun 14, 2006, 00:54
Beauty is Indeed Skin Deep - Research
Using a revolutionary imaging process, a new study is revealing that wrinkles aren't the only cue the human eye looks for to evaluate age. Scientists at the Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute for Urban Ethology, Austria and the Department for Sociobiology/Anthropology at the University of Goettingen, Germany have shown that facial skin color distribution, or tone, can add, or subtract, as much as 20 years to a woman's age. The study used 3-D imaging and morphing software technologies to remove wrinkles and bone structure from the equation to determine the true impact of facial skin color distribution on the perception of a woman's age, health and attractiveness and is currently in the edit acceptance process with the journal Evolution and Human Behavior.
Jun 13, 2006, 02:34