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Latest Research : Immunology
  Last Updated: Nov 2, 2013 - 11:52:55 AM

Latest Research
NIH renews funding for University of Maryland vaccine research
Baltimore, MD - September 26, 2013 - The University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) has successfully competed for and received a renewed contract to conduct basic research and clinical studies of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics. Support for this work to combat existing and emerging infectious diseases is provided by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Sep 26, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Traffic pollution and wood smoke increases asthma in adults
Asthma sufferers frequently exposed to heavy traffic pollution or smoke from wood fire heaters, experienced a significant worsening of symptoms, a new University of Melbourne led study has found.
Aug 20, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
82 percent of adults support banning smoking when kids are in the car
ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- A new poll shows 82 percent of adults support banning smoking in cars when children under 13 are riding in the vehicle.
Jul 22, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Dr. Laurie Glimcher receives the Advancing Women in Science and Medicine Award
New York, NY (May 20, 2013) -- Dr. Laurie H. Glimcher, the Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medical College and provost for medical affairs of Cornell University, is the winner of a prestigious award from a group of female scientists from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research dedicated to celebrating outstanding women in science and medicine.
May 20, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Parents who suck on their infants' pacifiers may protect their children against developing allergy
Swedish researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, report that a simple habit may give significant protection against allergy development, namely, the parental sucking on the baby's pacifier.
May 7, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Genetics defines a distinct liver disease
Researchers have newly associated nine genetic regions with a rare autoimmune disease of the liver known as primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). This brings the total number of genetic regions associated with the disease to 16.
Apr 21, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Scientists find ethnicity linked to antibodies
Cracking the DNA code for a complex region of the human genome has helped 14 North American scientists, including five at Simon Fraser University, chart new territory in immunity research.
Apr 18, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Bird flu mutation study offers vaccine clue
Scientists have described small genetic changes that enable the H5N1 bird flu virus to replicate more easily in the noses of mammals.
Apr 8, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researchers developing antiviral drug to combat contagious norovirus
MANHATTAN -- A Kansas State University-led team is researching ways to stop the spread of norovirus, a contagious stomach illness that infects one in 15 Americans each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Mar 25, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Nerve damage may underlie widespread, unexplained chronic pain in children
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have described what may be a newly identified disease that appears to explain some cases of widespread chronic pain and other symptoms in children and young adults. Their report that will appear in the April issue of the journal Pediatrics, and has received early online release, finds that most of a group of young patients seen at the MGH for chronic, unexplained pain had test results indicating small-fiber polyneuropathy, a condition not previously reported in children. The MGH investigators call this new syndrome juvenile-onset small-fiber polyneuropathy or JOSeFINE.
Mar 11, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
International space station plays host to innovative infectious disease research
Performing sensitive biological experiments is always a delicate affair. Few researchers, however, contend with the challenges faced by Cheryl Nickerson, whose working laboratory aboard the International Space Station (ISS) is located hundreds of miles above the Earth, traveling at some 17,000 miles per hour.
Feb 18, 2013 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Institute of Medicine report details for monitoring safety of childhood immunization schedule
ANN ARBOR -- A review of the available evidence underscores the safety of the federal childhood immunization schedule, according to a report released today by the Institute of Medicine. University of Michigan population ecologist Pejman Rohani served on the 13-person committee that wrote the report.
Jan 16, 2013 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Immunology
Robust immunity behind bats sustained flights
Singapore, Jan 8 - Robust immunity may explain why bats are capable of sustained flights, the only one among mammals to fly, and not their high metabolism as thought earlier, says a new study.
Jan 8, 2013 - 3:06:04 PM

Latest Research
Engineered immune cells produce complete response in child with an aggressive pediatric leukemia
By reprogramming a 7-year-old girl's own immune cells to attack an aggressive form of childhood leukemia, a pediatric oncologist has achieved a complete response in his patient, who faced grim prospects when she relapsed after conventional treatment. The innovative experimental therapy used bioengineered T cells, custom-designed to multiply rapidly in the patient, and then destroy leukemia cells. After the treatment, the child's doctors found that she had no evidence of cancer.
Dec 9, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Winning the battle against leukaemia: Positive early results in clinical trial for DNA vaccine
Early results of a trial to treat leukaemia with a WT1 DNA vaccine, has shown robust vaccine-specific antibody responses in all vaccinated patients evaluated to date.
Dec 7, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study overturns common assumption about knee replacements in morbidly obese individuals
After total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, patients who are morbidly obese have similar pain and function outcomes as patients who do not fall into this weight category, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery. The finding is surprising given that numerous studies have shown that obese patients have worse outcomes. The study will be reported at the annual meeting of the American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals, to be held Nov. 9-14, in Washington D.C.
Nov 10, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Hospital-based exercise programs benefit people with osteoarthritis
A low-cost exercise program run by Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City has significantly improved pain, function and quality of life in participants with osteoarthritis, according to new research.
Nov 10, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Influenza vaccine may reduce risk of heart disease and death
Getting a flu shot may not only protect you from getting sick, it might also prevent heart disease.
Oct 28, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NIH-funded study to test pneumococcal vaccine in older adults
Researchers plan to see if a higher dose of a pneumococcal vaccine will create a stronger immune response in older adults who received an earlier generation vaccine against pneumonia and other pneumococcal diseases.
Oct 15, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Genetically engineered immune system fights melanoma
MAYWOOD, Il. - Loyola University Medical Center has launched the first clinical trial in the Midwest of an experimental melanoma treatment that genetically engineers a patient's immune system to fight the deadly cancer.
Oct 1, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Cardiff scientists bid to develop anthrax vaccine to counteract world bioterrorism threat
A team of Cardiff University scientists is leading new research to develop a vaccine against anthrax to help counteract the threat of bioterrorism.
Sep 17, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
People with allergies may have lower risk of brain tumors
COLUMBUS, Ohio - New research adds to the growing body of evidence suggesting that there's a link between allergies and reduced risk of a serious type of cancer that starts in the brain. This study suggests the reduced risk is stronger among women than men, although men with certain allergy profiles also have a lower tumor risk.
Aug 3, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Lungs respond to hospital ventilator as if it were an infection
COLUMBUS, Ohio - When hospital patients need assistance breathing and are placed on a mechanical ventilator for days at a time, their lungs react to the pressure generated by the ventilator with an out-of-control immune response that can lead to excessive inflammation, new research suggests.
Jul 18, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Intestinal bacteria produce neurotransmitter, could play role in inflammation
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have identified commensal bacteria in the human intestine that produce a neurotransmitter that may play a role in preventing or treating inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease.
Jun 17, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UCSF researchers identify a potential new HIV vaccine/therapy target
After being infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in a laboratory study, rhesus macaques that had more of a certain type of immune cell in their gut than others had much lower levels of the virus in their blood, and for six months after infection were better able to control the virus.
May 30, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
A*STAR scientists discover 'switch' to boost anti-viral response to fight infectious diseases
Singapore scientists from Bioprocessing Technology Institute (BTI) under the Agency of Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) have for the first time, identified the molecular 'switch' that directly triggers the body's first line of defence against pathogens, more accurately known as the body's innate immunity. The scientists found that this 'switch' called Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) when turned on, activates the production of interferons - a potent class of virus killers that enables the body to fight harmful pathogens such as dengue and influenza viruses.
May 11, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Harris Lewin elected to National Academy of Sciences
Harris Lewin has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), it was announced today. Lewin, an emeritus faculty member in the Department of Animal Sciences and founding director of the Institute for Genomic Biology (IGB), was recognized for research he conducted during his 27 years at the University of Illinois. He is now vice chancellor for research at the University of California, Davis, where he earned his doctorate in 1984.
May 1, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Positive results in Southampton-led patient trial for new asthma treatment
Scientists from the University of Southampton and Synairgen, a respiratory drug development company spun out from the University, can announce positive data from its Phase II clinical trial, into the effectiveness of the drug SNG001 (inhaled interferon beta) for asthma patients.
Apr 19, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
A*STAR scientists discover special class of natural fats stimulates immune cells to fight diseases
An international research team led by scientists from Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN) under the Agency of Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) discovered that a special class of fatty molecules is essential for activating a unique group of early-responding immune cells. This study sheds light on how recognition of fatty molecules by immune cells could protect from infection, allergic reactions, autoimmune diseases and cancer. More importantly, it offers new opportunities to exploit the use of these stimulatory fatty molecules in therapeutic interventions, such as the development of new vaccines and drugs targetted for autoimmune diseases.
Apr 2, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Tuberculosis international conference: April 13-14 at Emory University
Leading international experts in tuberculosis and related diseases from at least 10 countries will gather at a Human Immunity to Tuberculosis conference April 13-14 in Atlanta. The meeting will take place at the Emory Conference Center, 1615 Clifton Rd., Atlanta, GA 30329.
Mar 22, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Test to improve peanut allergy diagnosis
Researchers from Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and the University of Melbourne have identified a new way to accurately test for peanut allergy.
Mar 20, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Breakthroughs in Chikungunya research from A*STAR spell new hope for better treatment and protection
Recent breakthroughs in Chikungunya research spearheaded by scientists at A*STAR's Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN) have made great strides in the battle against the infectious disease. Working in close collaborations with Singapore clinician-scientists and international researchers , Dr Lisa Ng, Principal Investigator of the Chikungunya research group at SIgN, led the team to discover a direct biomarker which serves as an early and accurate prognosis of patients who have a higher risk of the more severe form of Chikungunya fever (CHIKF). This means that doctors can now quickly and accurately identify patients at risk, facilitating a more targetted treatment and clinical care at the onset of the disease.
Mar 14, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New research could significantly reduce the need for clinical animal testing
University of Southampton researchers are investigating innovative methods of testing drugs that will reduce the need for involving animals.
Mar 8, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
HIV/AIDS vaccine shows long-term protection against multiple exposures in non-human primates
An Atlanta research collaboration may be one step closer to finding a vaccine that will provide long-lasting protection against repeated exposures to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Scientists at Emory University and GeoVax Labs, Inc. developed a vaccine that has protected nonhuman primates against multiple exposures to simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) given in three clusters over more than three years. SIV is the nonhuman primate version of HIV.
Mar 7, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
National Jewish Health receives grant to improve care of asthma patients in the San Luis Valley
National Jewish Health has received a grant for $950,308 from GlaxoSmithKline to improve care of asthma patients in Colorado's San Luis Valley with educational materials for patients and hands-on training for primary health care teams. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children and adults, and is the greatest cause of missed school days. The San Luis Valley has one of the highest asthma rates in the state.
Feb 28, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Washington University gets grant to study the human virome in kids
Not all viruses make us sick. But which ones are friends and which ones are foes?
Feb 28, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
University of Alberta researcher to announce 'signifcant step' towards Hep C vaccine
Edmonton -- A University of Alberta researcher and Canada Excellence Research Chair in Virology has made the discovery of a vaccine that will potentially help combat hepatitis C. Michael Houghton, who led the team that discovered the hepatitis C virus in 1989, announced his findings at the Canada Excellence Research Chairs Summit in Vancouver this afternoon. Currently, there are no vaccines against the disease available.
Feb 15, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Growing up on a farm directly affects regulation of the immune system
Immunological diseases, such as eczema and asthma, are on the increase in westernised society and represent a major challenge for 21st century medicine. A new study has shown, for the first time, that growing up on a farm directly affects the regulation of the immune system and causes a reduction in the immunological responses to food proteins.
Feb 8, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Continuing uncertainties surround anti-influenza drug
Incomplete availability of data has hampered a thorough assessment of the evidence for using the anti-influenza drug oseltamivir, a Cochrane Review has found. However, after piecing together information from over 16,000 pages of clinical trial data and documents used in the process of licensing oseltamivir (Tamiflu) by national authorities, a team of researchers has raised critical questions about how well the drug works and about its reported safety profile. The new analysis shows inconsistencies with published reports, and describes possible under-reporting of drug-related side-effects in some published trial reports. While the drug did reduce the time to first alleviation of symptoms by an average of 21 hours, it did not reduce the number of people who went on to need hospital treatment. Results from the reanalysis of data also raise questions about how the drug works as an influenza virus inhibitor.
Jan 17, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Best way to boost adult immunizations is through office-based action, study finds
Promoting immunizations as a part of routine office-based medical practice is needed to improve adult vaccination rates, a highly effective way to curb the spread of diseases across communities, prevent needless illness and deaths, and lower health care costs, according to a new RAND Corporation study.
Jan 11, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Scientists identify cell death pathway involved in lethal sepsis
Sepsis, a form of systemic inflammation, is the leading cause of death in critically ill patients. Sepsis is linked with massive cell death; however, the specific mechanisms involved in the lethality of sepsis are unclear. Now, a new study published by Cell Press in the December 23rd issue of the journal Immunity finds that inhibition of a specific cell death pathway called necroptosis protected mice from lethal inflammation. The research may lead to new therapeutic interventions for fatal inflammatory conditions that are notoriously hard to control.
Dec 22, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Chief scientific officer named first Richard L. Menschel Research Chair at Special Surgery
Steven R. Goldring, M.D., chief scientific officer, has been named the first Richard L. Menschel Research Chair at Hospital for Special Surgery. A gift of $5 million from an anonymous donor will permanently endow the position of the Hospital's chief scientific officer.
Dec 13, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
'Pep talk' can revive immune cells exhausted by chronic viral infection
Chronic infections by viruses such as HIV or hepatitis C eventually take hold because they wear the immune system out, a phenomenon immunologists describe as exhaustion.
Dec 13, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Risk of contracting diabetes to increase in world of 7 billion people
World citizen number 7 billion is less likely to die from infectious diseases like measles or even AIDS, and more likely to contract diabetes or other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), as they are now the leading causes of deaths globally.
Nov 14, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study finds shifting disease burden following universal Hib vaccination
[EMBARGOED FOR NOV. 11, 2011] Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type b, or Hib, once the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children, has dramatically reduced the incidence of Hib disease in young children over the past 20 years, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online (
Nov 11, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Stress triggers disease flares in patients with vasculitis
In patients with a devastating form of vasculitis who are in remission, stress can be associated with a greater likelihood of the disease flaring, according to a new study by investigators at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS).
Nov 5, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Hospital for special surgery physician-scientists share advances in rheumatology research
Hospital for Special Surgery physician-scientists who focus on arthritis, lupus, vasculitis and related conditions are traveling from New York City to Chicago this week to share their recent findings at the 75th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).
Nov 5, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Rheumatoid arthritis patients have low expectations after knee replacement surgery
Compared with osteoarthritis patients, individuals with rheumatoid arthritis who undergo total knee replacement surgery have lower expectations about their postsurgical outcomes, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) in New York City. These reduced expectations, which may be unnecessary, could cause some patients to slack on their postsurgical rehabilitation leading to worse outcomes, say doctors. The study will be presented November 7 at the annual meeting of the American College of Rheumatology.
Nov 5, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Dirt prevents allergy
Oversensitivity diseases, or allergies, now affect 25 per cent of the population of Denmark. The figure has been on the increase in recent decades and now researchers at the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC), University of Copenhagen, are at last able to partly explain the reasons.
Nov 2, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
A*STAR scientists first to identify stem cell key to lung regeneration
Scientists at A*STAR'S Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) and Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB), have made a breakthrough discovery in the understanding of lung regeneration. Their research showed for the first time that distal airway stem cells (DASCs), a specific type of stem cells in the lungs, are involved in forming new alveoli to replace and repair damaged lung tissue, providing a firm foundation for understanding lung regeneration.
Oct 27, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

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