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Latest Research : Surgery
  Last Updated: Jun 21, 2011 - 10:15:16 AM

Latest Research : Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy after surgery best for shoulder problems
Most patients who receive physiotherapy after surgery experience that pain is reduced by a half within a few months. Most of them are free of pain after one to two years. This is the conclusion of a thesis presented at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Jun 21, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Hospital outcomes research named 'Article of the Year'
Health services researchers who studied controversial aspects of Medicare spending and quality of patient care received a prestigious award yesterday from the nation's largest health services research professional association.
Jun 13, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
ACSM: Yoga helped older stroke victims improve balance, endurance
An Indiana University study that exposed older veterans with stroke to yoga produced exciting results as researchers explore whether this popular mind-body practice can help stroke victims cope with their increased risk for painful and even deadly falls.
Jun 4, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
First controlled clinical trial for Juvenile Batten disease to start
After years of building hope for a treatment, Rochester researchers and clinicians will begin the first controlled clinical trial for Juvenile Batten disease this summer, thanks to $1 million in grants from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Batten Disease Support and Research Association (BDRSA). The trial will examine whether mycophenolate mofetil, a drug FDA-approved to suppress the immune system and prevent organ rejection in children, is safe for these children and whether it can slow or halt the progression of the fatal neurodegenerative disease.
May 31, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New tool to measure outcomes could help improve arm surgery for devastating nerve injury
The way that clinicians report outcomes of surgery for a traumatic nerve injury involving the arm is not standardized, and it is thus difficult to compare the efficacy of different surgical treatments, according to a study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) in New York. In a second HSS study, investigators say they have developed a tool to measure outcomes that they hope can be refined and used worldwide. Both studies will be presented at the International Symposium on Brachial Plexus Surgery, which will be held in Lisbon, Portugal, May 19-21.
May 20, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Terry Strom, M.D., honored by International Society of Nephrology
BOSTON -- Terry Strom, MD, Co-director of the Transplant Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and a leader in the field of immune tolerance research, was awarded the 2011 Alfred Newton Richards Award from the International Society of Nephrology during a program held earlier this month as part of the World Congress of Nephrology 2011 in Vancouver, Canada.
Apr 29, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Mayo Clinic finds robotic surgery effective for removing hard-to-reach throat cancer
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Robotic surgery has become a mainstream tool for removing an ever-increasing variety of head and neck tumors. Now, a team of head and neck surgeons from Mayo Clinic has found robotic surgery can treat cancer in the narrow, hard-to-reach area beyond the tongue at the top of the voice box. Some patients were able to avoid further treatment with chemotherapy or radiation, and most could resume normal eating and speaking.
Apr 29, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Sweet chemistry: Carbohydrate adhesion gives stainless steel implants beneficial new functions
A new chemical bonding process can add new functions to stainless steel and make it a more useful material for implanted biomedical devices. Developed by an interdisciplinary team at the University of Alberta and Canada's National Institute for Nanotechnology, this new process was developed to address some of the problems associated with the introduction of stainless steel into the human body.
Apr 27, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Mount Sinai researchers present critical MS data at American Academy of Neurology meeting
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine will present several key studies at the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) annual meeting, including research providing critical insight into the prognosis and clinical treatment course of people with a certain subtype of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The meeting is taking place April 9-16 in Honolulu.
Apr 14, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Attacking bowel cancer on 2 fronts
Stem cells in the intestine, which when they mutate can lead to bowel cancers, might also be grown into transplant tissues to combat the effects of those same cancers, the UK National Stem Cell Network (UKNSCN) annual science meeting will hear today.
Mar 30, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Barrow researcher launches depression study
A top medical researcher at Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona, has launched a clinical trial to pinpoint brain activity in depressed people by using scientifically designed sad and heartrending photos and music. Results will be used to help neurosurgeons at the new Barrow Center for Neuromodulation treat clinically depressed patients with deep brain stimulation.
Mar 9, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
$1.9 million NIH grant supports research in the most common soft tissue tumor in children
A nearly $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will help investigators at Nationwide Children's Hospital search for biomarkers that may be linked to the development and outcome of hemangiomas, the most common soft tissue tumor in children. Nationwide Children's is home to the only Hemangioma and Vascular Malformations Clinic in the United States with an NIH-sponsored clinical study.
Feb 21, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Large study of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair reveals some surprises
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is highly effective and provides durable results five years after surgery, according to a large, prospective study by Hospital for Special Surgery investigators. The study also surprisingly revealed that the rotator cuff has the ability to heal even when early imaging studies have found a defect at the site of repair. The research will be presented at the upcoming American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) 2011 Specialty Day meeting, to be held Feb. 19 in San Diego, Calif., following the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Feb 19, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Common hip disorder can cause sports hernia
Sports hernias are commonly found in individuals with a mechanical disorder of the hip and can be resolved with surgery to fix the hip disorder alone in some cases, according to a recent study. The research, conducted by investigators at Hospital for Special Surgery, will be presented at the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine 2011 Specialty Day meeting, held Feb. 19 in San Diego following the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Feb 19, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Surgery : Transplantation
Increased drop out rates among HIV infected patients on the liver transplantation wait list
French researchers determined that infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) impaired results of transplant surgery for liver cancer, with more HIV infected patients dropping off the transplantation wait list. The team found that overall survival and recurrence-free survival was not impacted following liver transplantation in patients with controlled HIV disease.
Jan 25, 2011 - 7:32:02 PM

Latest Research
Researchers unzip MRSA and discover route for vaccine
University of Rochester Medical Center orthopaedic scientists are a step closer to developing a vaccine to prevent life-threatening methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections following bone and joint surgery.
Jan 16, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
University of Houston researchers helping Pentagon build mind-controlled prosthetics
University of Houston researchers are helping the Pentagon build reliable mind-controlled prosthetic devices that military and civilian amputees can use the rest of their lives.
Jan 11, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
ICU communication study reveals complexities of family decision-making
While a much hailed communication intervention works for families making decisions for chronically-ill loved ones in medical intensive care units, Case Western Reserve University researchers found the intervention was less effective for surgical and neurological ICU patients.
Jan 5, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Surgery : Plastic Surgery
Adult fat cell-derived stem cells useful in tissue reconstruction
A team of researchers from several institutions in Italy isolated and characterized adult fat cell-derived stem cells from patients undergoing lipoaspiration (surgical removal of fat deposits) in order to investigate the ability of the fat cells to maintain their stem cell characteristics in in vitro cultures to the point where once transplanted they could aid in tissue regeneration
Dec 27, 2010 - 8:53:39 AM

Latest Research
In the lab, engineer's novel liquid provides a solid fix for broken bones
Here's the vision: an elderly woman comes into the emergency room after a fall. She has broken her hip. The orthopaedic surgeon doesn't come with metal plates or screws or shiny titanium ball joints. Instead, she pulls out a syringe filled with a new kind of liquid that will solidify in seconds and injects into the break. Over time, new bone tissue will take its place, encouraged by natural growth factors embedded in the synthetic molecules of the material.
Dec 7, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
'Vast majority' of acoustic tumor patients benefit from surgery
MAYWOOD, Ill. -- Surgery to remove tumors under the brain known as acoustic neuromas produces favorable outcomes in the vast majority of patients, according to one of the largest studies of its kind.
Dec 7, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Laboratory studies show promise for new multiple sclerosis treatment
Successfully treating and reversing the effects of multiple sclerosis, or MS, may one day be possible using a drug originally developed to treat chronic pain, according to Distinguished Professor Linda Watkins of the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Nov 18, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Surgery : Transplantation
Increased mortality risk in later years in obese children following Liver transplantation
A new study from the University of Washington reported obese children are at increased mortality risk in later years following primary liver transplantation (LT).
Oct 28, 2010 - 6:27:35 PM

Latest Research
National research study to assess new treatment for painful vertebral fractures
Physicians at The Medical College of Wisconsin are conducting the KAST clinical trial at Froedtert Hospital to assess the safety and effectiveness of a new vertebral augmentation treatment (Kiva) for painful vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) due to osteoporosis.
Oct 28, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Studies show everolimus-eluting stent implantation reduces restenosis and repeat revasculariztion
Two new studies have determined that everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation reduced the incidence of restenosis and repeat revascularization in patients with calcified culprit lesions, and had fewer clinical events. Results show the rate of major cardiac adverse events in EES-treated patients with calcified lesions were higher than in those for noncalcified lesions, but remained lower than the results of previously reported stent studies. Details of both studies are published in the November issue of Catheterization and Cardiovascular Intervention, a peer-reviewed journal from The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions.
Oct 21, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Reducing blood transfusions improves patient safety and cuts costs
MAYWOOD, Ill. -- A Loyola University Hospital study has demonstrated how the hospital has improved patient safety and cut costs by reducing the number of blood transfusions.
Oct 7, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researchers find faster, less-intrusive way to identify transplant recipients' organ rejection
STANFORD, Calif. - A simple, inexpensive blood test could soon help doctors halt organ rejection before it impairs transplanted hearts and kidneys.
Sep 23, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Northwestern first site open for spinal cord stem cell trial
CHICAGO --- Northwestern Medicine is the first site open for enrollment in a national clinical research trial of a human embryonic stem cell-based therapy for participants with a subacute thoracic spinal cord injury. Following the procedure, participants will receive rehabilitation treatment at The Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC).
Sep 22, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study gets measure of how best to prevent blood clots
Treating hospital patients with thigh-length surgical stockings, rather than knee-high socks, can reduce life threatening blood clots, a new study suggests.
Sep 20, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Drug trial results refine treatment during angioplasty operations
A landmark international study, coordinated by McMaster University, has found that lower doses of a blood thinner called unfractionated heparin (UFH) during angioplasty did not reduce bleeding or vascular complications compared to standard dose UFH in patients initially treated with a blood thinner, fondaparinux.
Aug 31, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Tinnitus study looks for cure to 'ringing in the ears'
The NIH has granted a University of Texas at Dallas researcher and a university-affiliated biomedical firm $1.7 million to investigate whether nerve stimulation offers a long-term cure for tinnitus.
Aug 11, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Toolkit allows anyone to test for ADA compliance
Twenty years after the signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act, there is finally a tool kit for non-experts to measure whether public facilities are in compliance.
Jul 19, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Simple, accurate in-office tool predicts athletes at high-risk for ACL injury, study details
PROVIDENCE, R.I. -- Previously, determining athletes at high-risk for ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries required expensive and complex laboratory-based motion analysis systems, such as those used in creating video games. But a new study presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Annual Meeting, offers physicians a low-cost, in-office, tool to help identify athletes at increased risk.
Jul 17, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New joint program for high-risk pregnant women and their babies
The Children's Hospital and the University of Colorado Hospital (UCH) have finalized an agreement to jointly establish a center for advanced maternal fetal medicine offering state-of-the-art care for high-risk pregnant women and their babies.
Jul 16, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Arthroscopic treatment of common hip problem allows athletes to return to play
Patients who undergo arthroscopic surgery for a mechanical disorder of the hip have a good chance of being able to return to their sport at a high level of competition, according to a study that will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, held July 15-18 in Providence, R.I. Almost 80 percent of patients were able to return to play after hip arthroscopy at an average of 9.4 months after surgery, and roughly 90 percent were able to return to the same level of competition.
Jul 15, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Improving clinical use of stem cells to repair heart damage
Presenting at the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science conference today(13 July), Professor Michael Schneider describes a new approach to treating heart attack and cardiomyopathy using stem cells.
Jul 13, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New surgery improves outcomes for severe flat foot deformity
A surgery developed at Hospital for Special Surgery can improve patient outcomes in individuals with severe adult flat foot deformity, a problem that is increasingly being seen inhospitals across the country. Patients who undergo the new surgery have better long-term outcome and mobility than those who undergo traditional surgery. The paper will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS, abstract 348) in National Harbor, Md., on July 8.
Jul 8, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Ovarian transplantation restores fertility to old mice and also lengthens their lives
Rome, Italy: Scientists have discovered that when they transplant ovaries from young mice into aging female mice, not only does the procedure make the mice fertile again, but also it rejuvenates their behaviour and increases their lifespan. The question now is: could ovarian transplants in women have the same effect?
Jun 29, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New possibility to determine the severity of appendicitis
The symptoms of appendicitis are often diffuse and it can be difficult to obtain an accurate diagnosis early in the course of the disease. It may be possible to predict the severity from a blood sample, and in this way determine the treatment on an individual basis. This is the conclusion of a thesis presented at the University of Gothenburg, sweden.
Jun 21, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Hip exercises found effective at reducing, eliminating common knee pain in runners
A twice weekly hip strengthening regimen performed for six weeks proved surprisingly effective at reducing -- and in some cases eliminating -- knee pain referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP) in female runners.
Jun 4, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Some patients with hepatitis B faring better after liver transplant
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Treatment to reduce recurrence of hepatitis B appears to improve liver transplant outcomes for some patients, according to a Mayo Clinic study presented at the American Transplant Congress under way May 1-5 in San Diego.
May 4, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study shows liver transplant center impacts patient outcomes
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- For patients in need of a liver transplant, their choice of a transplant center can make a noteworthy difference in their outcomes, according to a Mayo Clinic study presented at the American Transplant Congress under way May 1-5 in San Diego.
May 2, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Strategy to help doctors determine when to treat retinopathy of prematurity
NEW YORK (April 29, 2010) -- Scientists have shown that through eye examinations, doctors can identify infants who are most likely to benefit from early treatment for a potentially blinding eye condition called retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), resulting in better vision for many children.
Apr 29, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Nutrition researchers to develop new growth charts for children with Down syndrome
Parents and doctors have known for a long time that children with Down syndrome tend to grow more slowly and are considerably shorter than most other children. But pediatricians needing to record growth milestones at regular office visits have an outdated set of growth charts based on data collected more than 25 years ago. Since that time, there have been major advances in the medical care of children with Down syndrome. In addition, the demographics of the general U.S. population have changed, and children are taller, but also more overweight.
Apr 22, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New studies on surgical options in inherited breast cancer show drastic treatment is not always best
Barcelona, Spain: Two studies to be presented at the seventh European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC7) in Barcelona today (Friday) and tomorrow (Saturday), shed light on the treatment options facing women carrying the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic mutations which predispose them to breast cancer. In the first, Ms Annette Heemskerk-Gerritsen, a PhD student in the Department of Medical Oncology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, will tell the conference this afternoon (Friday) that prophylactic mastectomy (where women who have been treated for breast cancer in one breast have the remaining breast tissue removed as a risk-reducing measure) does not improve disease-free or overall survival in this group of patients.
Mar 26, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Patients requesting prophylactic mastectomies overestimate their breast cancer risk
Barcelona, Spain: Women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer believe the risk of the disease occurring in their unaffected breast is as much as ten times higher than it actually is. As a result, they are choosing to have prophylactic mastectomies based on a false perception of increased risk, according to new research.
Mar 25, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Using stem cells to mend damaged hips
Bone stem cells could in future be used instead of bone from donors as part of an innovative new hip replacement treatment, according to scientists at the University of Southampton.
Mar 23, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Osteoporosis drug improves healing after rotator cuff surgery
Tears in the shoulder's rotator cuff, a common sports injury, are painful and restricting. Surgery to repair the damage is successful for pain management, but in many patients it does not result in full recovery of function due to poor healing. New research shows an approved therapy for osteoporosis, Forteo, may speed healing and improve patient outcomes. The preliminary study from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York is being presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) meeting in New Orleans March 9-13.
Mar 10, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Patient and doctor expectations from joint replacement surgeries not always aligned
While physicians strive to set realistic expectations for patients undergoing knee and hip joint replacements, a new study reveals that doctor and patient expectations are sometimes not aligned. The study, reported by Hospital for Special Surgery researchers at the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons held March 9-13 in New Orleans (poster P140), suggests that steps need to be taken to bridge the expectation gap.
Mar 10, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Bypass procedure used during infant heart surgery does not impair later neurological outcomes
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defects in humans, affecting 8 per 1000 live births with one third of affected children requiring intervention in early infancy. Increasing numbers of survivors combined with developmental expectations for independence, behavioral self-regulation and academic achievement have led to a growing identification of neurobehavioral symptoms in some survivors. A study now suggests that a cooling technique often used in heart operations does not impair neurological outcomes.
Jan 26, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

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