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Latest Research : Toxicology
  Last Updated: Jun 14, 2011 - 4:38:10 AM

Latest Research
Sandia Labs partners with UA Engineering to boost energy, water, climate research in the Southwest
TUCSON, Ariz. and ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (May 24, 2011) -- The University of Arizona and Sandia National Laboratories have agreed to collaborate on engineering aspects of four critical environmental research areas in a new partnership that will initially focus on research involving management of these resources in the Southwestern U.S.
May 24, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New robot system to test 10,000 chemicals for toxicity
Several federal agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, today unveiled a new high-speed robot screening system that will test 10,000 different chemicals for potential toxicity. The system marks the beginning of a new phase of an ongoing collaboration, referred to as Tox21, that is working to protect human health by improving how chemicals are tested in the United States.
Mar 10, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Laboratories, universities unite to build radioecology expertise
With the renewed and growing interest in nuclear energy, radioecology experts at the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River National Laboratory recognized an immediate need to build the pool of radioecology expertise both here and abroad. To address this need, they worked with partners from universities across the U.S. and laboratories in France and the Ukraine to form the National Center for Radioecology (NCoRE), a network of excellence for environmental radiation risk reduction and remediation.
Jan 26, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Biodesign hosts international consortium on screening for lung cancer
To address the latest issues on the early detection of lung cancer, the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University will host an international research consortium in Scottsdale, Ariz., Feb. 25-26.
Jan 24, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UCSF study identifies chemicals in pregnant women
The bodies of virtually all U.S. pregnant women carry multiple chemicals, including some banned since the 1970s and others used in common products such as non-stick cookware, processed foods and personal care products, according to a new study from UCSF. The study marks the first time that the number of chemicals to which pregnant women are exposed has been counted.
Jan 14, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
2 studies present new data on effects of alcohol during pregnancy
Scientific data continue to indicate that higher intake of alcohol during pregnancy adversely affects the fetus, and could lead to very severe developmental or other problems in the child. However, most recent publications show little or no effects of occasional or light drinking by the mother during pregnancy. The studies also demonstrate how socio-economic, education, and other lifestyle factors of the mother may have large effects on the health of the fetus and child; these must be considered when evaluating the potential effects of alcohol during pregnancy.
Oct 15, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researcher awarded $2.27 million to study environmental effects on gene copy number
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has awarded $2.27 million to Indiana University researcher Joseph Shaw for a five-year study of how the environment alters genetic information through mutation and natural selection.
Oct 4, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Prof. Xiaoguang Meng receives honorary master of engineering from Stevens
For his significant and global contributions to clean water and environmental causes, his dedication as an outstanding educator, and his commitment to invention and the pursuit of discovery, Professor Xiaoguang Meng received an honorary Master of Engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology at the university's annual Convocation Ceremony on September 8, 2010.
Sep 27, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NIH to launch Gulf oil spill health study
The National Institutes of Health will launch a multi-year study this fall to look at the potential health effects from the oil spill in the Gulf region. The Gulf Worker Study, announced by NIH Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., in June, is in response to the largest oil spill in U.S. history, caused by the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico. Dr. Collins pledged $10 million in NIH funding for the study's initial phases.
Sep 7, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
EPA and other federal agencies collaborate to improve chemical screening
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National Toxicology Program (NTP) and the National Institute of Health Chemical Genomics Center (NCGC) welcome the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to the Tox21 collaboration. The Tox21 collaboration merges federal agency resources (research, funding and testing tools) to develop ways to more effectively predict how chemicals will affect human health and the environment. The collaboration was established in 2008 to develop models that will be able to better predict how chemicals will affect humans. FDA will provide additional expertise and chemical safety information to improve current chemical testing methods.
Jul 19, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Minilab can quickly identify antibiotic residues in milk, before it leaves the barn
No one wants antibiotic residues in their milk. But antibiotics are sometimes used even in the dairy barn. The routine tests conducted nowadays take hours to produce a result and do not test for all of the typical antibiotics. This gap can now be closed, thanks to a fully automated minilab developed by scientists from the TUM in cooperation with the LMU Muenchen and gwk Praezisionstechnik GmbH.
May 7, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Children living in apartments with nonsmoking adults still exposed
The majority of children living in apartments are exposed to secondhand smoke, even when they don't live with smokers. This study from the University of Rochester Medical Center is the first to examine whether housing type is a potential contributor to children's exposure to cigarette smoke. The abstract was presented this morning at the Pediatric Academic Society Meeting in Vancouver, Canada.
May 1, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
K-State professor finds link between low oxygen levels in body and cancer-aiding protein
What began as research into how diabetics could possibly preserve their eyesight has led to findings that could prolong the vision of children afflicted with retinoblastoma.
Mar 9, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NIEHS awards Recovery Act funds to focus more research on health and safety of nanomaterials
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), part of the National Institutes of Health, is increasing its investment in understanding the potential health, safety and environmental issues related to tiny particles that are used in many everyday products such as sunscreens, cosmetics and electronics. The NIEHS will award about $13 million over a two-year period, through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, to bolster the NIEHS's ongoing research portfolio in the area of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs).
Nov 19, 2009 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES)
A recent review in Faculty of 1000 Medicine Reports, a publication in which clinicians highlight advances in medical practice, suggests regional pain relief could be used during abdominal surgery. In this review, Michael Schaefer recommends a new approach that can be performed without the need for general anaesthetics.
Nov 3, 2009 - 4:59:36 AM

Latest Research
NIEHS awards Recovery Act funds to address bisphenol A research gaps
For Immediate ReleaseWednesday, October 28, 2009
Oct 28, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
EPA reviews Univ. of Michigan dioxin study
(CHICAGO - Sept. 30, 2009) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development has completed its review of a dioxin exposure study conducted by the University of Michigan in the Midland-Saginaw, Michigan area. EPA found the study was conducted well and provided useful, scientifically credible information. However, the study is of limited value to help EPA fully evaluate human exposure to levels of dioxin in the Tittabawassee River and Saginaw River and Bay.
Oct 1, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NOAA announces an experimental harmful algal bloom forecast bulletin for Lake Erie
Predicting harmful algal blooms, or HABs, in the Great Lakes is now a reality as NOAA announces an experimental HAB forecast system in Lake Erie. HABs produce toxins that may pose a significant risk to human and animal health through water recreation and may form scum that are unsightly and odorous to beach visitors, impacting the coastal economy. Forecasts depicting current and future locations of blooms, as well as intensity, will alert scientists and managers to possible threats to the Great Lakes beaches and assist in mitigation efforts.
Sep 17, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New research to unravel how nutrients drive toxic 'brown tides' on East Coast
NOAA has awarded Massachusetts-based Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution $120,000 as part of an anticipated three-year, nearly $500,000 project, to determine how nitrogen and phosphorus promote brown tides on the East Coast. Funds were awarded through the interagency Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) program.
Sep 16, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
ISU researchers study insecticide-free method for control of soybean aphids
AMES, Iowa - Two Iowa State University researchers are examining a new method of controlling soybean aphids without the use of chemical pesticides.
Sep 15, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
A child's IQ can be affected by mother's exposure to urban air pollutants
A mother's exposure to urban air pollutants known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can adversely affect a child's intelligence quotient or IQ, a study reports. PAHs are chemicals released into the air from the burning of coal, diesel, oil and gas, or other organic substances such as tobacco. In urban areas motor vehicles are a major source of PAHs.
Jul 21, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researchers consider herd movements to help eradicate bovine TB
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Agriculture spent $31 million to depopulate herds of cattle affected by bovine tuberculosis (TB), even though the risk of the disease has been significantly reduced in the U.S. over the past several decades. Worldwide, especially in developing countries, the disease persists, which could threaten the U.S. cattle industry in terms of international trade.
Jul 10, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researchers consider herd movements to help eradicate bovine TB
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Agriculture spent $31 million to depopulate herds of cattle affected by bovine tuberculosis (TB), even though the risk of the disease has been significantly reduced in the U.S. over the past several decades. Worldwide, especially in developing countries, the disease persists, which could threaten the U.S. cattle industry in terms of international trade.
Jul 10, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births
ANN ARBOR, Mich.---A new study of expectant mothers suggests that a group of common environmental contaminants called phthalates, which are present in many industrial and consumer products including everyday personal care items, may contribute to the country's alarming rise in premature births.
Jul 6, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NOAA forecast predicts large 'dead zone' for Gulf of Mexico this summer
A team of NOAA-supported scientists from the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Louisiana State University, and the University of Michigan is forecasting that the dead zone off the coast of Louisiana and Texas in the Gulf of Mexico this summer could be one of the largest on record. The dead zone is an area in the Gulf of Mexico where seasonal oxygen levels drop too low to support most life in bottom and near-bottom waters.
Jun 18, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Common chemotherapy drug triggers fatal allergic reactions
CHICAGO -- A chemotherapy drug that is supposed to help save cancer patients' lives, instead resulted in life-threatening and sometimes fatal allergic reactions.
Jun 8, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Estrogen linked to lowered immunity in fish
Exposure to estrogen reduces production of immune-related proteins in fish. This suggests that certain compounds, known as endocrine disruptors, may make fish more susceptible to disease.
Jun 3, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Codeine use and accident risk
The risk of being involved in a traffic accident with personal injury is significantly higher among codeine users than non-users. However, sporadic or moderate use of codeine alone does not carry an increased risk, according to a newly published study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
Mar 24, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Nanoparticle toxicity doesn't get wacky at the smallest sizes
CHICAGO -- The smallest nano-sized silica particles used in biomedicine and engineering likely won't cause unexpected biological responses due to their size, according to work presented today. The result should allay fears that cells and tissues will react unpredictably when exposed to the finest silica nanomaterials in industrial or commercial applications.
Feb 14, 2009 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Inspection technology by Louisiana Tech researchers to examine buried infrastructure
An innovative underground scanning technology developed by Louisiana Tech researchers is the cornerstone of a technology development and commercialization project that has secured one of only nine Technology Innovation Program (TIP) grants awarded nationally by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Jan 9, 2009 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Cutting the cord to determine babies' health risk from toxic exposure
Despite the well-known dangers of first- and secondhand smoke, an estimated ten percent of pregnant women in the U.S. are smokers. Exposure of a developing baby to harmful cigarette byproducts from mothers who smoke affects an estimated 420,000 newborns each year and poses a significant health care burden.
Dec 3, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
FSU researcher's discovery leads to $1.5 million grant, potential new treatment of liver fibrosis
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- The discovery of a protein involved in the life-threatening mechanism of liver fibrosis has helped a researcher at the Florida State University College of Medicine attract a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health.
Oct 17, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Bacteria stop sheep dip poisoning fish and bees
Bacteria can be used to break down used sheep dip, preventing bees and fish from dying because of soil and river contamination, scientists heard today (Wednesday 10 September 2008) at the Society for General Microbiology's Autumn meeting being held this week at Trinity College, Dublin.
Sep 9, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NTP finalizes report on Bisphenol A
Current human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical used in many polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, is of some concern for effects on development of the prostate gland and brain and for behavioral effects in fetuses, infants and children, according to a final report released today by the National Toxicology Program (NTP).
Sep 3, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Queen's researchers provide solution to world's worst mass poisoning case
A solution to the world's worst case of ongoing mass poisoning, linked to rising cancer rates in Southern Asia, has been developed by researchers from Queen's University Belfast.
Aug 28, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Researchers probe geographical ties to ALS cases among 1991 Gulf War veterans
DURHAM, N.C. -- Researchers from Duke University, the University of Cincinnati (UC) and the Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center are hoping to find a geographical pattern to help explain why 1991 Gulf War veterans contracted the fatal neurological disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) at twice the normal rate during the decade after the conflict.
Jul 21, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study shows quantum dots can penetrate skin through minor abrasions
Researchers at North Carolina State University have found that quantum dot nanoparticles can penetrate the skin if there is an abrasion, providing insight into potential workplace concerns for healthcare workers or individuals involved in the manufacturing of quantum dots or doing research on potential biomedical applications of the tiny nanoparticles.
Jul 2, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Newly approved ocular safety methods reduce animal testing
Federal regulatory agencies have accepted recommendations of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) for two methods that can reduce live animal use for ocular safety testing, the committee announced today. ICCVAM is a permanent interagency committee composed of representatives from 15 federal regulatory and research agencies, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that use, generate or disseminate toxicology testing information.
Jun 23, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Arsenic and new rice
Amid recent reports of dangerous levels of arsenic being found in some baby rice products, scientists have found a protein in plants that could help to reduce the toxic content of crops grown in environments with high levels of this poisonous metal. Publishing in the open access journal BMC Biology, a team of Scandinavian researchers has revealed a set of plant proteins that channel arsenic in and out of cells.
Jun 9, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Long-term pesticide exposure may increase risk of diabetes
Licensed pesticide applicators who used chlorinated pesticides on more than 100 days in their lifetime were at greater risk of diabetes, according to researchers from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The associations between specific pesticides and incident diabetes ranged from a 20 percent to a 200 percent increase in risk, said the scientists with the NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Jun 4, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Repeated methamphetamine use causes long-term adaptations in brains of mice, researchers find
Repeatedly stimulating the mouse brain with methamphetamine depresses important areas of the brain, and those changes can only be undone by re-introducing the drug, according to research at the University of Washington and other institutions. The study, which appears in the April 10 issue of the journal Neuron, provides one of the most in-depth views of the mechanisms of methamphetamine addiction, and suggests that withdrawal from the drug may not undo the changes the stimulant can cause in the brain.

Apr 9, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
How do infections and toxins launch a cell's self-destruct and alarm system?
Cells are coded with several programs for self-destruction. Many cells die peacefully. Others cause a ruckus on their way out.
Mar 10, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Gene expression differences between Europeans and Africans affect response to drugs, infections
Differences in gene expression levels between people of European versus African ancestry can affect how each group responds to certain drugs or fights off specific infections, report researchers from the University of Chicago Medical Center and the Expression Research Laboratory at Affymetrix Inc. of Santa Clara, CA.
Feb 28, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Federal toxics disclosure law could help inform public of nanotechnology risks
The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (PEN) is releasing a first-time legal analysis that finds a key federal toxics reporting statute could be applied to production and commercialization of nanotechnology, providing the public with more information about these revolutionary -- yet still potentially risky -- technologies.
Feb 26, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Iowa State researchers look for smaller, cheaper, 1-dose vaccines
A team of Iowa State University researchers is examining a new vaccine method that may change the way we get vaccinations.
Jan 15, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Biochip mimics the body to reveal toxicity of industrial compounds
Troy, N.Y. - A new biochip technology could eliminate animal testing in the chemicals and cosmetics industries, and drastically curtail its use in the development of new pharmaceuticals, according to new findings from a team of researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the University of California at Berkeley, and Solidus Biosciences Inc.
Dec 17, 2007 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Even minute levels of lead cause brain damage in children
Even very small amounts of lead in children's blood -- amounts well below the current federal standard -- are associated with reduced IQ scores, finds a new six-year Cornell study.
Nov 20, 2007 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Contamination from depleted uranium found in urine 20 years later
Inhaled depleted uranium (DU) oxide aerosols are recognised as a distinct human health hazard and DU has been suggested to be responsible in part for illness in both military and civilian populations that may have been exposed.
Oct 24, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NAS report offers new tools to assess health risks from chemicals
Determining how thousands of chemicals found in the environment may be interacting with the genes in your body to cause disease is becoming easier because of a new field of science called toxicogenomics. A new report issued today by the National Academies of Sciences (NAS) recognizes the importance of toxicogenomics in predicting effects on human health and recommends the integration of toxicogenomics into regulatory decision making. The NAS report was commissioned by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and a leader in the development of toxicogenomic technologies.
Oct 10, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UT researcher earns $1.3M grant to study toxic cleanup at DOD sites
KNOXVILLE -- Decades of weapons production and base operations have left the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) with a legacy of as many as 3,000 sites contaminated with highly toxic substances.
Oct 10, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

<< prev next >>

 
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