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Latest Research : Orthopedics
  Last Updated: Nov 2, 2013 - 11:52:55 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Virtual models of human knee joints to study joints at tissue and cellular level
A Cleveland Clinic research team is developing virtual models of human knee joints to better understand how tissues and their individual cells react to heavy loads – virtual models that someday can be used to understand damage mechanisms caused by the aging process or debilitating diseases, such as osteoarthritis.

Jul 24, 2012 - 8:02:22 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Delayed treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries lead to higher rates of other knee injury
Children treated more than 150 days after an Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury have higher rates of other knee injuries, say researchers presenting at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty Day in San Francisco, CA.


Feb 13, 2012 - 7:12:50 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Epidural steroid injections- an efficient treatment option for lumbar disc herniations
A spinal disc prolapse or herniation is a medical condition affecting the spine due to trauma, lifting injuries, or idiopathic, in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc causes a bulge of the soft, central portion.The use of epidural steroid injections may be a more efficient treatment option for lumbar disc herniations, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty Day in San Francisco.


Feb 11, 2012 - 6:51:03 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Gene in measles virus plays a key role in Paget's disease of bone
A gene from the measles virus plays a key role in the development of Paget's disease of bone, according to a team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
Jan 14, 2011 - 11:09:24 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Ultrasound device speeds up broken bone healing
London, Oct 8 - Pulses of high-frequency sound can significantly speed up the healing of broken bones.
Oct 8, 2010 - 1:32:54 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Hip
Programme reduces hip fractures by 37 percent
Washington, Nov 5 - Proactive measures can reduce hip fracture rates by an average of 37.2 percent and as much as 50 percent among those at risk, according to a study.

Nov 5, 2008 - 3:44:10 PM

Health : Food & Nutrition
Drink tea for stronger bones, suggests study
Sydney, Oct 9 - Drinking tea regularly, known to have several health benefits, may be good for the bones too, say researchers in Australia.
Oct 9, 2007 - 11:01:04 AM

Latest Research
Second SPORT Study Shows Surgery Advantage for Spinal Stenosis and Slipped Vertebra
In one of the three most common back conditions for which patients seek treatment, surgery proved to have substantially better results than non-surgical remedies, according to Dartmouth-led research published in the May 31 New England Journal of Medicine. The paper is the second in a series detailing the findings of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT), a seven-year, $21 million national study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
May 31, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Molecule that destroys bone also protects it, new research shows
An immune system component that is a primary cause of bone destruction and inflammation in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis actually protects bone in the oral cavity from infectious pathogens that play a major role in periodontal disease in humans, research at the University at Buffalo has shown.
May 20, 2007 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Annual treatment with Zoledronic acid significantly reduces bone fractures
Data published in this week’s issue of The New England Journal of Medicine show that a once-yearly treatment significantly reduced the incidence of all types of osteoporotic bone fractures over three years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The publication marks the first time that an osteoporosis treatment significantly reduced all types of fractures in a single study.
May 3, 2007 - 4:09:45 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Hip
NIST measuring device aims to up hip operation success
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are developing state-of-the-art measuring techniques, similar to those used in making aerospace components fit together precisely, that soon could improve success rates for hip replacement surgery. At the request of a group of prominent orthopaedic surgeons and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), the NIST researchers are working to improve calibrations and operating room testing of the Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery (CAOS) tracking instruments surgeons use to plan the delicate, highly complex operation.

Apr 28, 2007 - 12:28:09 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Mayo Clinic solves painful puzzle of UT ligament split tear in wrist
A Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon has discovered a common cause of debilitating wrist pain - a split tear of the UT ligament - that can be reliably detected through a simple physical examination and can be fully repaired through an arthroscopically guided surgical procedure. The findings are published in the April issue of the American Journal of Hand Surgery.
Apr 11, 2007 - 4:59:24 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Benzodiazepine use not associated with hip fractures
Benzodiazepine use was not shown to be associated with hip fractures after all, according to a new study from the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention (of Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care). Previous epidemiological studies suggesting an association have been used to support legislation and policy decisions that limit access to these drugs among the elderly. These policies may need to be reexamined based on these new findings, which are being published in the Jan. 16 Annals of Internal Medicine.
Mar 16, 2007 - 5:18:24 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Genes may determine success of hip replacement surgery
The success of long term hip replacement surgery may lie in the genes, suggests research published ahead of print in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
Mar 15, 2007 - 6:01:12 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Obesity associated with a higher risk of complications in women undergoing total hip replacement
Obese patients tend to have a higher prevalence of total hip replacements due to a higher incidence of hip osteoarthritis. This is of particular concern in light of the trend in rising rates of obesity in developed countries. A new study published in the March 2007 issue of Arthritis Care & Research evaluated the effects of obesity on complications and outcomes following total hip replacements and investigated whether the results differed in obese women and men.
Feb 28, 2007 - 3:18:18 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Vitamin D supplements may reduce falls in elderly
New research suggests that reducing the number of falls suffered by seniors in nursing homes may be helped by taking a vitamin, along with other measures known to decrease falls. According to a study in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, seniors taking a high daily dose of vitamin D experienced 72 percent fewer falls compared to those taking a placebo.
Feb 22, 2007 - 7:54:00 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
A novel scaffold could improve cartilage repair
Using a unique weaving machine of their design, Duke University Medical Center researchers have created a three-dimensional fabric "scaffold" that could greatly improve the ability of physicians to repair damaged joints with the patient's own stem cells.

Feb 6, 2007 - 12:21:19 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteomyelitis
How reliable is "probe to bone" test ?
An often-used tool to diagnose very common and sometimes limb-threatening bone infections in persons with diabetes may not be as reliable as many once believed, based on a recent study by a transatlantic team of researchers.
Feb 5, 2007 - 12:42:49 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
MR imaging can make a dramatic difference in the management of patients with ankle pain
MR imaging can make a dramatic difference in the management of patients with ankle pain, changing treatment in about one-third of the patients, a new study finds.
Jan 8, 2007 - 6:24:01 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Stomach drugs may weaken bones
New York, Dec 27 - Long-term use of certain stomach drugs may weaken the bones and increase the risk of hip fracture, warns a new study that advises doctors to consider the risk when prescribing such drugs.
Dec 27, 2006 - 5:34:38 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Sitting in an upright position places unnecessary strain on your back
Researchers are using a new form of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to show that sitting in an upright position places unnecessary strain on your back, leading to potentially chronic pain problems if you spend long hours sitting. The study, conducted at Woodend Hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland, was presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Nov 28, 2006 - 6:32:20 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Modifying NFATc1 Triggers Bone Production
Scientists in the US have found a way to trigger bone production, raising hopes of treatment for osteoporosis in humans.
Oct 8, 2006 - 4:48:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
'Magic formula' accurately predicts fracture risk in osteoporotic women
Researchers have developed a mathematic formula to predict a woman's risk of osteoporotic fracture. The equation has proved 75 percent accurate and will allow physicians to tailor their treatment strategies to help women prevent fractures of fragile bones. The study appears in the October issue of Radiology.
Sep 26, 2006 - 4:40:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Calcium supplements fail to prevent bone fractures in children
Calcium supplements have very little benefit for preventing fractures in childhood and later adulthood, concludes a study in the BMJ.
Sep 15, 2006 - 6:02:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Estrens might not be the answer for osteoporosis
A new study appearing in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation indicates that caution might be needed if a new group of drugs known as estrens are to be developed for the treatment of osteoporosis. The researchers found that although estrens improved bone strength in mice with osteoporosis, they also had adverse effects on reproductive organs and human breast cancer cells.
Sep 3, 2006 - 3:41:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Increasing NFATc1 activity causes massive bone accumulation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers at Stanford University have found that they can increase bone mass in mice by tweaking the shape of a regulatory protein.
Jun 6, 2006 - 2:53:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Second-Hand Smoke, First-Hand Problem
Young or old, man or woman, smoker or non-smoker – no matter what category you fit into, cigarette smoke can weaken your bones and increase your risk for fractures, according to new research presented this week at the IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis in Toronto.
Jun 6, 2006 - 2:50:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Using gene therapy to accelerate damaged muscle regeneration
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers have successfully used gene therapy to accelerate muscle regeneration in experimental animals with muscle damage, suggesting this technique may be a novel and effective approach for improving skeletal muscle healing, particularly for serious sports-related injuries.
Jun 5, 2006 - 4:44:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Low carbohydrate diet did not increase bone loss
A strict low-carbohydrate diet had no effect on bone loss for adults following an Adkins-type diet for weight loss, a three-month study by rheumatologists at the University of South Florida found. The clinical study was published this week in the online issue of the journal Osteoporosis International.
May 25, 2006 - 1:16:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Teriparatide to be tested for osteogenesis imperfecta
Jimmy Fox isn't typical of a person with the genetic, "brittle bone" disorder osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). He lifts weights almost daily, participates in grueling wheelchair races, chops wood and enjoys hunting in rough backcountry.
May 19, 2006 - 7:36:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
A novel vertebroplasty technique strengthens vertebrae after removing spinal tumors
A radiologist at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine has developed a new procedure to treat fractured vertebrae caused by spinal tumors, a procedure that may decrease the risk of complications, which are experienced by 5 to 10% of patients with malignant tumors of the spine.
May 6, 2006 - 7:00:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
ACVR1 Gene Responsible for Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)
Scientists have identified a gene that turns muscle into bone - one of the rarest disorders that affects about one in two million individuals.
Apr 25, 2006 - 8:35:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Calcium fortified food may not produce stronger bones
Calcium fortified foods may not help build stronger bones in children, says a new study. Calcium is a mineral important to maintaining bone health. Calcium-rich foods include milk, cheese, yoghurt, greens, broccoli, sardines, beans and peas. The mineral is added to many breakfast cereals, snack bars and drinks as manufacturers try to woo the parental market.
Apr 20, 2006 - 3:53:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Growing body of research links lead to osteoporosis
Bolstered by recent laboratory findings, researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center are embarking on a National Institutes of Health-funded clinical study to better understand the deceptive role environmental lead exposure plays in bone maturation and loss. The clinical trial is the latest in a growing body of research that is putting yet one more notch in the belt of diseases attributed to lead, and this time, researchers say, its target is older adults at risk for osteoporosis.
Mar 28, 2006 - 10:20:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
GENOMOS: Weak Links found between COL1A1 Polymorphism, BMD, and Fracture Risk
One out of every two women and one in eight men over 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, and often progresses without overt symptoms or pain until a bone breaks. Fractures occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist. Currently, there is no accurate measure of overall bone strength. Bone mineral density (BMD) is frequently used as a proxy measure, but it can explain only a modest proportion of fracture risk.
Feb 24, 2006 - 8:47:00 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Denosumab may show promise in the treatment of osteoporosis
Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN), the world's largest biotechnology company, announced today the publication of Phase 2 data demonstrating twice-yearly injections of denosumab (previously referred to as AMG 162), a RANK Ligand inhibitor, significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD) in the total hip, lumbar spine, distal 1/3 radius and total body compared to placebo. The results of this one-year study appeared in the Feb. 23, 2006 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Data results also included an open-label FOSAMAX® (alendronate)* arm of the same clinical trial.
Feb 23, 2006 - 3:11:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Acupressure Relieves Low Back Pain
Acupressure (applying pressure with the thumbs or fingertips to the same points on the body stimulated in acupuncture) seems to be more effective in reducing low back pain than physical therapy, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.
Feb 17, 2006 - 7:05:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Warfarin increases risk of bone fracture
Elderly patients taking the commonly prescribed blood thinner warfarin experience an increased risk for osteoporosis-linked bone fractures, according to a study at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The results suggest physicians should carefully monitor the bone health of patients placed on the medication and that their patients should take steps to decrease the risk of osteoporosis.
Jan 24, 2006 - 5:58:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
An X-ray robot to scan orthopaedic patients
A US scientist has developed a robot which can take X-ray pictures of sufferers of orthopaedic injuries as they move around. Complaints of orthopaedic injuries are among the most common reasons people visit the doctor.
Jan 21, 2006 - 3:33:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Mental therapy could help chronic back pain suffers
Mental therapy could be as effective as physical exercise in reducing back pain, signalling relief for thousands of chronic back pain sufferers.
Jan 21, 2006 - 3:22:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
New insights into anti-osteoclastogenic action of vitamin D
The risk of bone fracture resulting from falls increases as we age due to bone loss and osteoporosis. Physicians have routinely prescribed vitamin D and vitamin D–related drugs to retard bone loss, but until now, little was known about the specific targets of vitamin D in bone.
Jan 20, 2006 - 1:42:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Vertebroplasty improves back pain
A Mayo Clinic study has found patients report less back pain at rest and while active following vertebroplasty, a procedure in which medical cement is injected into painful compression fractures in the spinal vertebrae due to osteoporosis. Patients also reported improved function in their daily activities, such as walking, housework and getting dressed.
Dec 30, 2005 - 4:02:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Prevent bone loss and periodontal disease
Drugs that reverse and prevent bone loss due to osteoporosis also significantly ward off periodontal disease, according to a graduate of the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine who reports in the current Menopause journal article, "Periodontal Assessments of Postmenopausal Women Receiving Risedronate
Nov 19, 2005 - 2:12:00 AM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Adequate Vitamin D Maintains Calcium Metabolism
Calcium intake levels of more than 800 mg/day may be unnecessary for maintaining calcium metabolism if vitamin D status is adequate, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA. The importance of adequate vitamin D status for optimum bone health has received increased recognition in recent years, with higher recommended intake levels being proposed by some investigators, according to background information in the article. The ideal intake is not known, and different criteria have been proposed for estimating population requirements. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D has been the generally accepted indicator of vitamin D status, but no universal consensus has been reached regarding which serum values constitute sufficiency. An inverse relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) is well established. Parathyroid hormone is a major hormone maintaining normal serum concentrations of calcium and phosphate and is itself regulated through levels of calcitriol and serum calcium. An insufficiency of vitamin D or calcium is generally associated with an increase in PTH.
Nov 9, 2005 - 8:36:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Developing stable, bacteria-resistant implants
Infections associated with inserting a medical device can be devastating, painful, and cause prolonged disability, costing tens of thousands of dollars.
Sep 24, 2005 - 3:31:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Consumption Of Soy May Reduce Risk Of Fracture In Postmenopausal Women
Postmenopausal women who consumed high daily levels of soy protein had reduced risk of bone fracture, according to a study in the September 12 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Sep 13, 2005 - 1:51:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Genetic Factors Influence Propensity To Bone Fractures In Elderly
The importance of genetic factors in an elderly individual's propensity to bone fractures depends on the individual's age and the type of fracture, according to a study in the September 12 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Sep 13, 2005 - 1:51:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics
Identifying Previously Undectable Spinal Injuries
A new national study indicates that patients with a cervical spinal injury may harbor additional spinal damage not visible on regular x-rays. In fact, more than a third of patients who were thought to have low-risk injuries actually have additional damage that may include significant fractures with the potential to produce serious spinal problems if not detected and treated properly.
Sep 9, 2005 - 4:12:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Serial bone mineral density (BMD) measurements can improve fracture risk accuracy
Scientists from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research in Sydney, Australia, are suggesting a new approach to determining the risk of fracture in individuals with the brittle bone disease, osteoporosis, which could have treatment implications. Their finding, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, is based on data from a fifteen-year epidemiology study and shows that calculating bone loss, by having at least two bone mineral density (BMD) measurements taken a minimum of 1-2 years apart, can improve the accuracy of fracture risk assessment.
Aug 29, 2005 - 9:59:00 PM

Latest Research : Orthopedics : Osteoporosis
Brain plays an important role in the bone density maintenance
The brain plays an important role in the maintenance of proper bone density, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have revealed.
Aug 25, 2005 - 3:53:00 AM

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