RxPG News Feed for RxPG News

Medical Research Health Special Topics World
 Asian Health
 Food & Nutrition
 Men's Health
 Mental Health
 Occupational Health
 Public Health
 Sleep Hygiene
 Women's Health
 Canada Healthcare
 China Healthcare
 India Healthcare
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 World Healthcare
   Latest Research
 Alternative Medicine
  Bone Cancer
  Breast Cancer
  Cervical Cancer
  Gastric Cancer
  Liver Cancer
  Nerve Tissue
  Ovarian Cancer
  Pancreatic Cancer
  Prostate Cancer
  Rectal Cancer
  Renal Cell Carcinoma
  Risk Factors
  Testicular Cancer
 Clinical Trials
 Infectious Diseases
 Sports Medicine
   Medical News
 Awards & Prizes
   Special Topics
 Odd Medical News

Last Updated: Oct 11, 2012 - 10:22:56 PM
Research Article
Prostate Cancer Channel

subscribe to Prostate Cancer newsletter
Latest Research : Cancer : Prostate Cancer

   EMAIL   |   PRINT
Oncologists present test to predict survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients

Mar 1, 2009 - 9:13:14 AM , Reviewed by: Dr. Sanjukta Acharya

[RxPG] Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) and Source MDx today
announced that Source MDx’s whole blood RNA transcript-based Precision Profiles™ diagnostic test predicted survival in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). In a study of 62 CRPC patients, the model separated patients into a high risk group (survival less than 2.2 years) and a low risk group (survival greater than 2.2 years) (log rank p=0.00083).
The six-gene CRPC Precision Profile™ was 96 percent accurate in predicting low risk CRPC patients alive at study end and 93 percent accurate in predicting high risk CRPC patients who died prior to study completion, suggesting that the model may be a powerful tool for stratifying CRPC patients in clinical trials. The Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Consortium (PCCTC) will begin a prospective, multisite clinical trial to validate using Source MDx’s six-gene CRPC Precision Profile™ to stratify aggressive vs. non-aggressive CRPC patients.
In the study, circulating tumor cell (CTC) counts were not predictive of survival. In fact, the highest CTC counts (931 and 263) were found in patients from the low risk group. The Halabi nomogram, a commonly used clinical prognostic factor that uses seven clinical measures, also predicted low and high risk groups of men with CRPC, based on evaluations in 56 patients, but was less discriminatory (p=0.012) than the six-gene Precision Profile™.
William K. Oh, M.D., clinical director, Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology, DFCI today presented the data from abstract 176 in a general poster session at the American Society for Clinical Oncology’s Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. The study was co-investigated with Robert W. Ross, M.D., attending physician, Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology, DFCI. The PCCTC, a national clinical research group comprised of top U.S. research institutions, including DFCI, will conduct a prospective multi-site validation clinical trial of CRPC patients under the leadership of Dr. Oh. Consortium studies focus on the evaluation of novel agents for the management of prostate cancer at all stages of the disease. Source MDx has filed provisional patents on the six-gene model, which also states diagnostic claims for protein markers corresponding to patented RNA transcripts.
“Survival for castration-resistant prostate cancer ranges greatly from several months to several years, however, there are no available tools that allow clinicians to easily identify patients with the most aggressive form of the disease,” commented Dr. Oh. “The ability to identify patients with more aggressive forms of castration-resistant prostate cancer using a simple blood assay may prove to be a powerful tool for stratifying patients in clinical trials, leading to more robust studies with more relevant survival endpoints. I look forward to further evaluating this biologically-based test in forthcoming larger, multi-site clinical trials with the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Consortium.”
These data also show that individual differences in gene transcripts associated with cell-mediated and humoral immunity are associated with survival in CRPC patients. These specific immune system changeswere indicative of a decrease in both cell-mediated and humoral immunity in CRPC patients with higher mortality.
“The six genes predictive of more lethal castration-resistant prostate cancer in this trial suggest a fundamental difference in a patient’s immune system’s ability to deal with malignant tumors when confronted with more aggressive forms of prostate cancer,” stated Karl Wassmann, Chief Executive Officer of Source MDx. “The Source MDx six-gene CRPC Precision Profile™ is now available for patient stratification in prostate cancer clinical trials.”

About the Study:
From August 2006 through June 2008, Source MDx and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute conducted a study to discover whole blood-based RNA-transcript biomarkers predictive of primary end-points of CRPC progression (i.e., survival). The study enrolled a total of 62 CRPC patients, with or without bone metastases, who had previously undergone a variety of treatments, including hormone therapy, chemotherapy and radiation. Each patient consented to the collection of whole blood in PAXgene™ blood RNA tubes for gene expression and CellSave™ tubes for the enumeration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Using Source MDx Precision Profiles™, a total of 168 inflammation and prostate cancer-related genes were evaluated using optimized Q-PCR technology to assess biomarkers predictive of survival. Hazard ratio survival analysis models were performed on a weekly basis, both from the time of CRPC diagnosis through June 20, 2008 and from the time of blood draw through June 20, 2008. The results were similar regardless of the survival time definition (the time of castration-resistant diagnosis vs. blood draw) or the survival model used for statistical analysis. Treatment type was not predictive of survival.

Advertise in this space for $10 per month. Contact us today.

Related Prostate Cancer News
Abiraterone has been approved for men with metastatic prostate cancer that is no longer responsive to therapy with hormones and docetaxel
Virus associated with prostate cancer tumors and chronic fatigue syndrome unlikely to be the cause
Acupuncture helps with side effects of prostate cancer treatment
Surgery superior to drug therapy for symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy
Intermittent Androgen Suppression Therapy in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer
Inhibition of TNF-receptor associated protein-1possible treatment for prostatic cancer
Oncologists present test to predict survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients
PSA levels appear to be predictive of three year prostate cancer risk in African-American men
Survey on PSA screening in young men
New, noninvasive prostate cancer test beats PSA in detecting prostate cancer

Subscribe to Prostate Cancer Newsletter

Enter your email address:

 About Dr. Sanjukta Acharya
This news story has been reviewed by Dr. Sanjukta Acharya before its publication on RxPG News website. Dr. Sanjukta Acharya, MBBS MRCP is the chief editor for RxPG News website. She oversees all the medical news submissions and manages the medicine section of the website. She has a special interest in nephrology. She can be reached for corrections and feedback at [email protected]
RxPG News is committed to promotion and implementation of Evidence Based Medical Journalism in all channels of mass media including internet.
 Additional information about the news article
About Source MDx:
Source MDx, the leader in RNA transcript-based molecular diagnostics, uses its patented technology to monitor an individual’s health, disease status and response to therapy at the molecular level. The company is demonstrating how the link between cancer and the immune response can be translated into whole blood RNA transcript-based prognostic, predictive and early detection oncology biomarkers. Source is currently collaborating with leading academic institutions such as Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, NYU Medical Center and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Source MDx also has a translational molecular medicine collaboration with Pfizer, Inc. to develop and validate RNA-based pharmacodynamic and predictive biomarkers within Pfizer’s cancer and inflammation therapeutic development programs for commercialization as companion diagnostics. Source MDx has patented Precision Profile™ biomarkers in nine cancers including prostate, lung, and melanoma, and eight autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis. The company has completed over 150 preclinical and clinical projects for more than 30 leading pharmaceutical, biotechnology and diagnostic companies.
For any corrections of factual information, to contact the editors or to send any medical news or health news press releases, use feedback form

Top of Page

Contact us

RxPG Online



    Full Text RSS

© All rights reserved by RxPG Medical Solutions Private Limited (India)