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Latest Research : Neurosciences : Neurochemistry
  Last Updated: Nov 2, 2013 - 11:52:55 AM

Latest Research
A new tool for brain research
Physicists and neuroscientists from The University of Nottingham and University of Birmingham have unlocked one of the mysteries of the human brain, thanks to new research using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG).
Aug 1, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Eve Marder to receive the $500,000 Gruber Neuroscience Prize
Eve Marder, PhD, a professor of neuroscience at Brandeis University, is the recipient of the 2013 Neuroscience Prize of The Gruber Foundation. Marder is being honored with this prestigious international award for her pioneering contributions to the understanding of neural circuits, particularly how the properties and dynamics of neural circuits give rise to specific behaviors.
Jun 10, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New BRAIN initiative announced at White House
The Kavli Foundation applauds today's launch by President Obama of his Administration's ambitious research effort to understand the brain by deciphering the brain's activity that gives rise to our perceptions, our experiences and our consciousness. The effort, called the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative -- or BRAIN Initiative -- is a broad, collaborative research initiative to advance the science and technologies needed to unlock the mysteries of the human brain.
Apr 2, 2013 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
NIH funds research to identify Parkinson's biomarkers
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), awarded a three-year, $900,000 grant to the Center for Biomedical Imaging Statistics at Emory's Rollins School of Public Health. The grant will fund the center's biomarker research in Parkinson's disease to identify non-invasive imaging measures that can detect changes in brain function and biochemistry.
Feb 14, 2013 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study demonstrates health benefits of coming out of the closet
Lesbians, gays and bisexuals (LGBs) who are out to others have lower stress hormone levels and fewer symptoms of anxiety, depression, and burnout, according to researchers at the Centre for Studies on Human Stress (CSHS) at Louis H. Lafontaine Hospital, affiliated with the University of Montreal. Cortisol is a stress hormone in our body. When chronically strained, cortisol contributes to the 'wear and tear' exerted on multiple biological systems. Taken together, this strain is called allostatic load. Our goals were to determine if the mental and physical health of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals differs from heterosexuals and, if so, whether being out of the closet makes a difference. We used measures of psychiatric symptoms, cortisol levels throughout the day, and a battery of over twenty biological markers to assess allostatic load, explained lead author Robert-Paul Juster. Contrary to our expectations, gay and bisexual men had lower depressive symptoms and allostatic load levels than heterosexual men. Lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals who were out to family and friends had lower levels of psychiatric symptoms and lower morning cortisol levels than those who were still in the closet.
Jan 29, 2013 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
How our nerves regulate insulin secretion
The autonomic nervous system, which is the part of the nervous system beyond conscious control, plays an important role in the release of insulin from beta cells in the endocrine part of the pancreas. The process by which this occurs has been a mystery, since it is difficult to give detailed study to such an inaccessible organ. However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have now managed to graft beta cells into the eyes of mice in order to study them in a living organism over a prolonged period of time. As a result, the group and a team of colleagues from the University of Miami have gained detailed knowledge of how the autonomic nervous system regulates beta-cell insulin secretion.
Dec 10, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Chemistry building at Brookhaven Lab named Historic Chemical Landmark
UPTON, NY -- The New York Section of the American Chemical Society (ACS) has designated the Chemistry Building at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory as an Historic Chemical Landmark.* This designation honors the synthesis of 18^FDG, a radiotracer that has had a revolutionary and global impact on cancer diagnosis and management and brain research. Originally synthesized at Brookhaven Lab in 1976 for positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, 18^FDG is now the world's most widely used radiotracer for cancer diagnosis, with more than 1.5 million 18^FDG PET scans performed annually.
Oct 19, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Genetic test predicts risk for Autism
A team of Australian researchers, led by University of Melbourne has developed a genetic test that is able to predict the risk of developing Autism Spectrum Disorder, ASD.
Sep 11, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New stroke treatments becoming a reality
Scientists led by the President of The University of Manchester have demonstrated a drug which can dramatically limit the amount of brain damage in stroke patients.
Jul 26, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Fewer suicides after antidepressive treatment for schizophrenia
Antidepressive drugs reduce the mortality rate of schizophrenic patients, while treatment with bensodiazepines greatly increases it, especially as regards suicide. Giving several antipsychotics simultaneously, however, seems to have no effect at all. This according to a new study examining different drug combinations administered to patients with schizophrenia.
May 8, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Internet and new drugs: A challenge for public health
Barcelona, 8th May 2012. A group of researchers from the IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute) and from the INAD (Hospital del Mar Neuropsychiatry and Addictions Institute) has participated in an international study aiming to give a general overview at a chemical, pharmacological and behavioural level of a recently appeared new chemical compound, according to the Recreational Drugs European Network, as a new abused drug: methoxetamine (MXE).
May 8, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Body cooling cuts in-hospital cardiac arrest patient deaths nearly 12 percent, Mayo Clinic finds
ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Forced body cooling known as therapeutic hypothermia has reduced in-hospital deaths among sudden cardiac arrest patients nearly 12 percent between 2001 and 2009, according to a Mayo Clinic study being presented at the upcoming American Academy of Neurology 2012 Annual Meeting in New Orleans. The research is among several Mayo abstracts that will be discussed at the conference.
Apr 19, 2012 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Switching antiepileptic drugs could increase risk of seizures
The substitution of brand-name antiepileptic drugs with cheaper generic equivalents has been an ongoing point of contention among doctors, federal officials and people with epilepsy.
Feb 17, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Group settings can diminish expressions of intelligence, especially among women
In the classic film 12 Angry Men, Henry Fonda's character sways a jury with his quiet, persistent intelligence. But would he have succeeded if he had allowed himself to fall sway to the social dynamics of that jury?
Jan 22, 2012 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
A new age in brain research
Melbourne will become a magnet for the world's best and brightest brain researchers after the official opening of the Melbourne Brain Centre at The University of Melbourne Parkville by the Premier Ted Baillieu and Federal MP Michael Danby on Monday.
Oct 18, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
By reprogramming skin cells into brain cells, scientists gain new insights into mental disorders
For many poorly understood mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or autism, scientists have wished they could uncover what goes wrong inside the brain before damage ensues.
Oct 12, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Signs of aging may be linked to undetected blocked brain blood vessels
Many common signs of aging, such as shaking hands, stooped posture and walking slower, may be due to tiny blocked vessels in the brain that can't be detected by current technology.
Sep 1, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
3-D movie shows, for the first time, what happens in the brain as it loses consciousness
Amsterdam, The Netherlands: For the first time researchers have been able to watch what happens to the brain as it loses consciousness. Using sophisticated imaging equipment they have constructed a 3-D movie of the brain as it changes while an anaesthetic drug takes effect.
Jun 10, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UT Dallas' Moller receives teaching award
Dr. Aage Moller of UT Dallas is known throughout the world for his innovative research on sensory systems and neural plasticity. But back at The University of Texas at Dallas, he's known to many students simply as a terrific teacher.
May 20, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Following trail of cell death in epilepsy patients to find ways to preserve brain health
Scientists have known for years that seizures in patients with epilepsy cause progressive cell death in the brain. What they did not know was why this was happening.
May 5, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Early indications of Parkinson's disease revealed in dream sleep
During a large-scale study of the socioeconomic costs of this neurodegenerative disease, Danish researchers, some from the University of Copenhagen, discovered that very early symptoms of Parkinson's disease may be revealed in dream or REM sleep.
Mar 28, 2011 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Miniature 'wearable' PET scanner ready for use
UPTON, NY - Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, Stony Brook University, and collaborators have demonstrated the efficacy of a wearable, portable PET scanner they've developed for rats. The device will give neuroscientists a new tool for simultaneously studying brain function and behavior in fully awake, moving animals.
Mar 13, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Genes of the immune system are associated with increased risk of mental illness
Genes linked to the immune system can affect healthy people's personality traits as well as the risk of developing mental illness and suicidal behaviour, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Feb 7, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Academy of Science-St. Louis announces recipients of Outstanding St. Louis Scientist Awards
ST. LOUIS, JANUARY 12, 2011: The 17th annual Academy of Science-St. Awards dinner, honoring top scientists and engineers from the St. Louis region, will be held at the Chase Park Plaza on April 13, 2011.
Jan 13, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UIC Distinguished University Professor named AAAS Fellow
Mark M. Rasenick, Distinguished University Professor in physiology and biophysics and psychiatry and founding director of the Neuroscience Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, has been named a Fellow by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Jan 11, 2011 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Ion channel responsible for pain identified by UB neuroscientists
BUFFALO, N.Y. -- University at Buffalo neuroscience researchers conducting basic research on ion channels have demonstrated a process that could have a profound therapeutic impact on pain.
Dec 17, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
The high price of sleep disorders
Danish sleep researchers at the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute for Health Services Research have examined the socio-economic consequences of the sleep disorder hypersomnia in one of the largest studies of its kind. The sleep disorder has far-reaching consequences for both the individual and society as a whole.
Dec 17, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Laboratory studies show promise for new multiple sclerosis treatment
Successfully treating and reversing the effects of multiple sclerosis, or MS, may one day be possible using a drug originally developed to treat chronic pain, according to Distinguished Professor Linda Watkins of the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Nov 18, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Why estrogen makes you smarter
CHICAGO --- Estrogen is an elixir for the brain, sharpening mental performance in humans and animals and showing promise as a treatment for disorders of the brain such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. But long-term estrogen therapy, once prescribed routinely for menopausal women, now is quite controversial because of research showing it increases the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke.
Nov 17, 2010 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Rett Syndrome research gets 'SMART' with Pepsi Challenge funding
Cincinnati, OH - The International Rett Syndrome Foundation (IRSF) believes that accelerating the pace of meritorious research, supporting families, and raising awareness are the minimum effort necessary to successfully search for treatments and a cure for one of the most devastating neurological diseases to affect young girls. On October 1, IRSF became the recipient of a $250,000 grant from the Pepsi Refresh contest that was officially confirmed later in the month. The contest was a highly-publicized and competitive online grant program to benefit non-profit organizations. In March 2010, IRSF entered the challenge when Donna Wright contacted IRSF's Director of Family Support, Paige Nues, to discuss the competition on behalf of her granddaughter, Naomi, who suffers from Rett syndrome.
Oct 28, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Experimental treatments for cocaine addiction may prevent relapse
Doctors have used the drug disulfiram to help patients stay sober for several decades. It interferes with the body's ability to metabolize alcohol, giving a fierce hangover to someone who consumes even a small amount of alcohol.
Aug 26, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
15 new US patents awarded this past year to NJIT researchers
NJIT researchers were awarded 15 new U.S. patents this past year, increasing the total number of issued patents for NJIT to 97. More than 150 applications are in process. With projected research expenditures greater than $90 million for 2010-11, NJIT ranks as a leader in size and growth of research programs among technological universities. The patents were awarded from July 1, 2009-June 30, 2010. Specifics follow.
Aug 23, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Proof that a gut-wrenching complaint -- irritable bowel syndrome -- is not in your head
Irritable bowel syndrome makes life miserable for those affected -- an estimated ten percent or more of the population. And what irritates many of them even more is that they often are labeled as hypochondriacs, since physical causes for irritable bowel syndrome have never been identified. Now, biologists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) have shed new light on the matter: They have discovered mini-inflammations in the mucosa of the gut, which upset the sensitive balance of the bowel and are accompanied by sensitization of the enteric nervous system.
Aug 19, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Virus 'explorers' probe inner workings of the brain
Imagine an exceedingly complex circuit board. Wires often split -- seemingly at random -- and connect in strange and unexpected ways.
Jun 28, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
SSRIs and cardiovascular health
A class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may provide a boost to cardiovascular health by affecting the way platelets, small cells in the blood involved in clotting, clump together, say researchers at the Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, Ill.
Apr 26, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Neurons growing in line
In order to be able to understand complex organs such as the brain or the nervous system, simplified model systems are required. A group of scientists led by the Frankfurt brain researcher Erin Schuman has successfully developed a novel method to grow cultured neurons in order to investigate basic mechanisms of memory. The researchers grew two separate populations of neurons in microfluidic platforms. These neurons extended their processes through tiny grooves, to meet each other and form synaptic connections. Perpendicular to the grooves, a perfusion channel was constructed that allows the researchers to manipulate very small populations of synapses with drugs or neurotransmitters. The chambers are amenable to imaging, allowing researchers to visualize the dynamics of synapses, the movement of molecules within the neurons.
Apr 15, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New studies reveal that age-related nerve decline is associated with inflammation, differs by gender
New research investigating neurological decline in a population of super healthy elderly subjects found that the decline in neurological function of the peripheral nervous system attributed to aging may be related to metabolic factors, such as blood sugar levels, even if these factors are within the normal range.
Apr 14, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Depression associated with sustained brain signals
Depression and schizophrenia can be triggered by environmental stimuli and often occur in response to stressful life events. However, some people have a higher predisposition to develop these diseases, which highlights a role for genetics in determining a person's disease risk. A high number of people with depression have a genetic change that alters a protein that cells use to talk to each other in the brain. Imaging of people with depression also shows that they have greater activity in some areas of their brain. Unfortunately, the techniques that are currently available have not been able to determine why stress induces pathological changes for some people and how their genetics contribute to disease.
Apr 6, 2010 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UC Berkeley social scientists build case for 'survival of the kindest'
Researchers at UC Berkeley are challenging long-held beliefs that human beings are wired to be selfish. In a wide range of studies, social scientists are amassing a growing body of evidence to show we are evolving to become more compassionate and collaborative in our quest to survive and thrive.
Dec 8, 2009 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Life and death in the living brain
Like clockwork, brain regions in many songbird species expand and shrink seasonally in response to hormones. Now, for the first time, University of Washington neurobiologists have interrupted this natural annual remodeling of the brain and have shown that there is a direct link between the death of old neurons and their replacement by newly born ones in a living vertebrate.
Aug 10, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
UnMASCing diseases of the brain
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have discovered a set of brain proteins responsible for some of the most common and devastating brain diseases. The proteins underlie epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disease, mental retardation and neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's and Huntington's diseases.
May 19, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
New therapy based on magnetic stimulation shows promise for non-drug treatment for migraine
A new UCSF study examining the mechanism of a novel therapy that uses magnetic pulses to treat chronic migraine sufferers showed the treatment to be a promising alternative to medication.
Apr 29, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
USC partners with French drug discovery company on computer modeling effort
A single neurotransmitter, the amino acid L-glutamate, regulates countless biological systems in animals ranging from worms and insects to human beings.
Apr 24, 2009 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Standardized test battery to aid those with Down syndrome
Researchers at The University of Arizona are developing a set of standardized tests that could improve the lives of people with Down syndrome.
Jan 12, 2009 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Mayo Clinic finds it generally safe to withdraw anti-seizure medication in children with epilepsy
ROCHESTER, Minn. - A new Mayo Clinic study found that it is generally safe to withdraw anti-seizure medications in children with epilepsy who have achieved seizure-freedom while on the medication. Researchers found that these children were not at high risk of subsequently developing intractable epilepsy. The study will be presented on Sunday, Dec. 7, at the American Epilepsy Society's annual meeting in Seattle.
Dec 7, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Japanese encephalitis virus causes 'double trouble' to brain
Japanese encephalitis (JE), commonly known as brain fever, is one of the prevalent mosquito-borne encephalitis in India and entire South East (SE) Asia. Besides resulting in thousand fatalities each year, JE virus (JEV) infection causes prominent neurological sequelae in approximately one-third of the survivors. Even those patients in the good recovery group commonly encounter psychiatric problems, which include mental retardation, learning disabilities, speech and movement disorders and behavioural abnormalities.
Jul 7, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Study identifies brain pathway that shuts down seizures
Researchers at the University of Iowa and the Veterans Affairs Iowa City Health Care System have uncovered a brain pathway that shuts down seizures.
Jun 8, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Repeated methamphetamine use causes long-term adaptations in brains of mice, researchers find
Repeatedly stimulating the mouse brain with methamphetamine depresses important areas of the brain, and those changes can only be undone by re-introducing the drug, according to research at the University of Washington and other institutions. The study, which appears in the April 10 issue of the journal Neuron, provides one of the most in-depth views of the mechanisms of methamphetamine addiction, and suggests that withdrawal from the drug may not undo the changes the stimulant can cause in the brain.

Apr 9, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Scientists find a key culprit in stroke brain cell damage
Researchers have identified a key player in the killing of brain cells after a stroke or a seizure. The protein asparagine endopeptidase (AEP) unleashes enzymes that break down brain cells' DNA, scientists at Emory University School of Medicine have found.
Mar 27, 2008 - 4:00:00 AM

Latest Research
Cocaine's effects on brain metabolism may contribute to abuse
UPTON, NY - Many studies on cocaine addiction - and attempts to block its addictiveness - have focused on dopamine transporters, proteins that reabsorb the brain's reward chemical once its signal is sent. Since cocaine blocks dopamine transporters from doing their recycling job, it leaves the feel-good chemical around to keep sending the pleasure signal. Now a new study conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory suggests that cocaine's effects go beyond the dopamine system. In the study, cocaine had significant effects on brain metabolism, even in mice that lack the gene for dopamine transporters.
Feb 18, 2008 - 5:00:00 AM

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